Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Interior Property Management Directives (IPMD) are issued only as needed to (a)supplement the Federal Property Management Regulations (FPMR), and (b) to implement other property management policies and regulations of the Office of Management and Budget and the General Services Administration.
114-1.103-50 -- Personal Property Releases (PPR)
Personal Property Releases temporarily amend the IPMD. They may be issued when time is limited, or the information is not of a permanent nature, or is subject to frequent change.
Each PPR shall be numbered and those of a permanent nature shall be canceled when converted to a permanent directive.
114-1.104-50 -- Publication and distribution of IPMD
114-1.104-50.1 -- Publication
All IPMD and PPR issuances shall be published on loose leaf, white, or recycled paper, and transmitted as 410 DM Additions to the IPMD.
114-1.104-50.2 -- Distribution
All IPMD and PPR issuances shall receive the same distribution as FPMR amendments. Requests for a change in either the quantity or the address shall be forwarded to the Property Management in the Office of Acquisition and Property Management.
114-1.105-50 -- Authority for IPMD System
Interior Property Management Directives (IPMD) are prescribed by the Secretary under authority of 5 U.S.C. 301, 40 U.S.C. 486(c), 41 CFR 101-1.108, and other authorities specifically cited in the text.
114-1.106-50 -- Applicability of IPMD
The Interior Property Management Directives System applies to all bureaus and offices in the Department of the Interior unless otherwise indicated in the IPMD or specifically excluded by law.
114-1.109-50 -- Numbering in IPMD System
IPMD are issued in the same numerical sequence as the material covered in the FPMR except that the agency identification number is "114".
IPMD must be numbered "50" or higher to identify any part, subpart, or section that does not have a corresponding FPMR number.
Bureau directives may be identified by alphabetical designation immediately following the Department Code (114), as specified below:
114A - Office of the Secretary
114B - Office of Administrative Services
114C - National Biological Service
114D - Fish and Wildlife Service
114E - Bureau of Mines
114F - U.S. Geological Survey
114G - Minerals Management Service
114H - Bureau of Indian Affairs
114J - Bureau of Land Management
114K - National Park Service
114M - Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement
114N - Reserved
114P - Reserved
114R - Reserved
114S - Bureau of Reclamation
114T - Reserved
114U - Reserved
114W - Reserved
114Y - Office of Aircraft Services
114Z - Reserved
114-1.110 -- Deviation
Any deviation from the mandatory provisions of the FPMR and IPMD requires prior written approval. The head of each bureau and office may request such approval by submitting a detailed justification to the Office of Acquisition and Property Management.