Electronic Resources Accessible from DOI Locations Only

Gale Virtual Reference Library


  • American Indian Biographies
  • American Indian Culture
  • American Indian History
  • American Indian Tribes
  • Encyclopedia of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois Confederacy)
  • UXL Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes



  • Arts & Sciences II and VII
  • Early Journal Content


Web Sites -- Table of Contents

Tribal Governments
Other Organizations (Non-Federal)
Federal Government
Guides to Federal Records
Legal Sources
Bibliographies and Resources
Digital Libraries
Directories of Internet Sites on Native Americans




Tribal Governments

Federal Government

Department of the Interior

    Bureau of Land Management

    Bureau of Reclamation

    Fish and Wildlife Service

    Geological Survey

   National Park Service


    Census Bureau

    Department of Agriculture

    Department of Health and Human Services

    Department of Housing and Urban Development

    Department of Justice

    Environmental Protection Agency

    National Indian Gaming Commission

    Smithsonian Institution

    U.S. Senate

Legal Sources

  1. A and M Decisions (1920-1970)
  2. Copps Mineral and Public Land Laws (1881, 1890)
  3. Digest of Grazing Decisions (1993-2001)
  4. Director's Decisions (1996 to the present)
  5. Hearings Division (Selected, 2000 to the present)
  6. IBIA Decisions (1970 to the present)
  7. IBLA Decisions (1970 to the present)
  8. Land Decisions (1881-1929) and Interior Decisions (1930-1994)
  9. Solicitor's Opinions (1993 to the present)
  • National Indian Justice Center
    The National Indian Justice Center was established in 1983 through the collective efforts of the National American Indian Court Judges Association, the American Indian Lawyer Training Program, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs in order to establish an independent national resource for Native communities and tribal governments.
  • National Indian Law Library
    A public law library devoted to Federal Indian and tribal law
  • Native American Constitution and Law Digitization Project
    This Project is a cooperative effort among the University of Oklahoma Law Center, the National Indian Law Library, and Native American tribes providing access to the Constitutions, Tribal Codes, and other legal documents.
  • Native American Documents Project
    This project was begun in 1992 to develop methods for making documents of Federal Indian policy history accessible by computer. Many documents were taken from microfilmed collections of reports and letters in the National Archives. Others were taken from official publications, mainly the annual reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.

Bibliographies and Resources


Digital Libraries

  • American Indians of the Pacific Northwest
    This collection represents a selection of the collections of the University of Washington Libraries and the Museum of History and Industry in Seattle, and the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture in Spokane, Washington. It includes original photographs and documents about the Northwest Coast and Plateau Indian cultures, complemented by essays written by anthropologists, historians, and teachers about both particular tribes and cross-cultural topics. These cultures have occupied, and in some cases still live in parts of Alaska, British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and Montana. Maps are available that show traditional territories or reservation boundaries.

    Most of the photographs date from before 1920. Primary text sources include six Indian treaties negotiated in 1855 and over 3,800 pages from the Annual Reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior from 1851 through 1908. Secondary sources include 89 articles from the Pacific Northwest Quarterly and 23 papers from the University of Washington Publications in Anthropology series. A few additional photographs and articles were sought from other institutions and added to the collection to complement the topical essays.

  • Duke Collection of American Indian Oral History
    Beginning in 1966, tobacco heiress and philanthropist Doris Duke funded seven American Indian oral history projects, including one based at the University of Oklahoma. The Duke Collection of American Indian Oral History online provides access to typescripts of interviews (1967 -1972) conducted with hundreds of Indians in Oklahoma regarding the histories and cultures of their respective nations and tribes. Related are accounts of Indian ceremonies, customs, social conditions, philosophies, and standards of living. Members of every tribe resident in Oklahoma were interviewed.
  • Edward S. Curtis's The North American Indian: Photographic Images
    The North American Indian by Edward S. Curtis is one of the most significant and controversial representations of traditional American Indian culture ever produced. Issued in a limited edition from 1907-1930, the publication continues to exert a major influence on the image of Indians in popular culture. Curtis said he wanted to document "the old time Indian, his dress, his ceremonies, his life and manners." In over 2000 photogravure plates and narrative, Curtis portrayed the traditional customs and lifeways of eighty Indian tribes. The twenty volumes, each with an accompanying portfolio, are organized by tribes and culture areas encompassing the Great Plains, Great Basin, Plateau Region, Southwest, California, Pacific Northwest, and Alaska. Featured here are all of the published photogravure images including over 1500 illustrations bound in the text volumes, along with over 700 portfolio plates.
  • History of the American West, 1860-1920
    Over 30,000 photographs, drawn from the holdings of the Western History and Genealogy Department at Denver Public Library, illuminate many aspects of the history of the American West. Most of the photographs were taken between 1860 and 1920.
  • Living Voices
    Presented by the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian. Provides audio files of 40 Native Americans and Native Hawaiians discussing their lives.
  • McCasland Digital Collection of Early Oklahoma and Indian Territory Maps
    Between 1803 and 1925 more than 1,000 political, expedition, geographical, meteorological, and topographical maps of the Oklahoma region were produced and included in the American State Papers and the U.S. Congressional Serial Set. This site is sponsored by the Oklahoma State University Library and funded by the McCasland Foundation of Duncan, Oklahoma. Newly digitized maps are added weekly.
  • Native American Constitution and Law Digitization Project
    Coordinated by the University of Oklahoma Law Library and The National Indian Law Library of the Native American Rights Fund
  • Omaha Indian Music
    Omaha Indian Music features traditional Omaha music from the 1890s and 1980s. The multiformat ethnographic field collection contains 44 wax cylinder recordings collected by Francis La Flesche and Alice Cunningham Fletcher between 1895 and 1897, 323 songs and speeches from the 1983 Omaha harvest celebration pow-wow, and 25 songs and speeches from the 1985 Hethu'shka Society concert at the Library of Congress. Segments from interviews with members of the Omaha tribe conducted in 1983 and 1999 provide contextual information for the songs and speeches included in the collection.
  • Papers of the War Department, 1784 to 1800
    Produced by the Center for History and New Media at George Mason University, this database offers digital images of documents pertaining to the U.S. War Department that are physically scattered in repositories across the nation. It also provides information about documents that are cited in existing records but appear not to have survived. Browsable by year, author, and recipient and searchable by author, recipient, location, year, and topic, the site includes documents on Indian affairs, veteran affairs, assistance to widows and children, military issues, and the establishment of the federal government.
  • Trail Tribes: History with a Tribal Perspective, along Trails Followed by Lewis and Clark
    Originally produced by the Lifelong Learning Project at the University of Montana


Directories of Internet Sites on Native Americans