Mercury's surface in "enhanced color," a color scheme created to emphasize color differences. This is not what Mercury would look like to the human eye, but by applying mathematical analysis to images, color differences can be accentuated beyond those visible to a person.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
The Rulemaking Process and the Paperwork Reduction Act
(1) When a proposed rule is being developed, the information collections in the draft rule need to be identified. The expert on this is your bureau Information Collection Clearance Officer (ICCO).
(2) The preamble of the proposed rule needs to describe the information collections in the rule and the estimated hour burden on the public. The preamble needs to direct public comments on the information collection requirements to OMB and to the bureau.
(3) The proposed rule needs to be reviewed and approved by the bureau ICCO, then by the Departmental ICCO, before the proposed rule is published.
(4) On the day that the proposed rule is published, the Departmental ICCO submits the Information Collection Request (ICR) associated with the proposed rule to OMB-OIRA via ROCIS. A 30-day public comment period on the information collections in the proposed rule begins. The ICR appears to the public on the website reginfo.gov.
(5) After 30 days, OMB can act on the ICR. OMB can approve the ICR but rarely does. It usually “comments” on the ICR and tells the bureau to re-submit the ICR before publishing the final rule.
(1) The bureau needs to review any public comments received on the information collections in the proposed rule and address them in the preamble of the final rulemaking.
(2) The preamble of the final rule must describe the information collections in the rule, state their hour burden on the public, and that the information collections have been approved by OMB. The text of the rule should contain a section that says that the rule contains information collections that were approved by OMB and state the OMB control number.
(3) The draft final rule language needs to be reviewed and approved by the bureau ICCO and the Departmental ICCO before the final rule is published.
(4) When the final rule has been finalized and nearly ready for publication, the Departmental ICCO will submit a new ICR for the final rule to OMB-OIRA via ROCIS. This ICR is “silent” in that no notice of this submission is made public and the ICR will not appear on the website reginfo.gov. (Such public appearance would violate the Administrative Procedure Act. ROCIS is designed to prevent that.)
(5) OMB will “preapprove” the ICR, usually in about a week, and will assign an OMB control number and an expiration date three years in the future. Sometimes OMB requests changes in the preamble of the rule related to the ICR. These changes need to be made to the final rule language before the rule is published. The preapproval will be activated by the Departmental ICCO when the rule takes effect.
(6) The bureau then can proceed to publish the final rule.