Mercury's surface in "enhanced color," a color scheme created to emphasize color differences. This is not what Mercury would look like to the human eye, but by applying mathematical analysis to images, color differences can be accentuated beyond those visible to a person.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) emerged from the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI) which the United States administered on behalf of the United Nations from 1947 until Palau, the last member of the TTPI to choose its own political future, became an independent country 1994. The Federal law (the Covenant) making the CNMI a U.S. territory passed in 1975. The CNMI adopted its constitution in 1977, and its first constitutional government took office in 1978. The CNMI came under Federal minimum wage regulations in 2007 and immigration law in 2008. In June 2009, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security takes over the CNMI's immigration and border controls.
Governor: Ralph Deleon Guerrero Torres Delegate to the House of Representatives: Gregorio "Kilili" Camacho Sablan Current Speaker of the House: Rafael S. Demapan Current President of the Senate: Francisco M. Borja
Labor Force & Employment
Total labor force: 38,935 (2005) Total employment: 35,400 (2005) Private sector employment: 32,214 Government employment: 3,186 Private sector employment as a % of total: 91 Government employment as a % of total: 9 Unemployment rate: 8%
Washington DC: 8,950 miles Los Angeles: 6,300 mils Honolulu: 3,800 Tokyo: 1,500 miles
Economy & Income Sources
GDP: $716 million (BEA 2009) Per capita GDP: $13,288 (BEA 2009) U.S. per capita GDP: $48,133 Total population: 53,883 (2010 census)
Tourism 340,957 tourists in 2011 506,846 tourists in 2005 528,608 tourists in 2000 Japanese tourists: 41.9 percent of total (2011) Korean tourists: 31.5 percent of total (2011)
Services Wholesale and retail trade Hotels and restaurants Tourist and recreational services Government services Other services
Gross business receipts in 2009: $1.6 billion Gross business receipts in 2010: $1.3 billion Gross business receipts in 2005: $2.0 billion Gross business receipts in 2000: $2.3 billion
Government Finances Total revenues: $230.2 million (FY 09) Total spending: $277.6 million (FY 09) Total Federal grants: $64.4 million (FY 09)
Total gov't. revenues: $244.3 million (FY 07) Total gov't. spending: $289.1 million (FY 07) Total Federal grants: $61.3 million (FY 07)
Located just north of Guam, the CNMI is a three-hundred mile archipelago consisting of 14 islands, with a total land area of 183.5 square miles. The principal inhabited islands are Saipan, Rota and Tinian. The northern, largely uninhabited islands are Farallon de Medinilla, Anatahan, Sariguan, Gudgeon, Alamagan, Pagan, Agrihan, Asuncion, Maug Islands, and Farallon de Pajaro. Saipan is 3,300 miles from Honolulu; 5,625 from San Francisco; 1,272 miles from Tokyo; and 3,090 miles from Sydney.
The Mariana Islands are on the edge of the Philippine Plate. They were formed by underwater volcanoes along the Marianas Trench. The northern islands are high volcanic islands and the southern islands are raised limestone.
Anatahan is currently an active volcano with the first recorded volcanic eruption on May 10, 2003.
The U.S. citizen population of the Northern Marianas is predominantly of Chamorro cultural extraction, although a number of Carolinians (Chuukese, Kosraeans, Pohnpeians and Yapese) and immigrants from other areas of East Asia and Micronesia have also settled in the islands. English is the official language of the CNMI, but Chamorro and Carolinian are the spoken native tongues. The Spanish culture, which influenced the Chamorro culture for nearly four centuries, is still present today. Japanese is also spoken in many of the hotels and shops, reflecting the heavy tourism industry. The non-citizen population is made up primarily of Filipino and Chinese, with some representation from several other Asian countries.
Francisco Taitano Desk Officer for the Northern Mariana Islands Office of Insular Affairs Washington, DC 20240 (202) 208-7722
T.H. Iloy Enos Governor of the Northern Mariana Islands
Office of the Governor Caller Box 10007 Capital Hill Saipan, MP 96950
1 (670) 664-2280 1 (670) 664-2211 Fax
T.H. Gregorio Camacho Sablan - U.S. Representative
U.S. House of Representatives 423 Cannon House Building Washington, D.C. 20515