Section 104 (e) of Title One of the amended Compacts of Free Association describes Compact Impact financial assistance committed by the United States to the State of Hawaii, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and American Samoa. The goal of this $30 million in annual grants support is to help these affected jurisdictions defray costs incurred as a result of increased demands placed on health, educational, social, or public safety services, or infrastructure related to such services, due to the residence of qualified nonimmigrants from the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, or the Republic of Palau. . In some years, Congress has provided additional discretionary funding support.
Distribution of the $30 million is based on a ratio allocation to the government of each affected jurisdiction on the basis of the results of enumerations that are conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. Enumerations have been conducted every five years. The last enumeration for 2018, was revised in April 2020.
Under current law, this $30 million in Compact Impact grants, provided annually, ends in 2023.