Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
A summary of DOI-specific and bureau-specific restrictions are listed below. If you are not certain if you are covered by one or more of the restrictions below, check with an ethics counselor from your office or bureau.
This regulation prohibits, with limited exceptions, all DOI employees, their spouses, and their minor children from acquiring or retaining any claim, permit, leases, small tract entries, or other rights that are granted by the Department in Federal lands. This prohibition does not restrict the recreational or other personal or noncommercial use of Federal lands by an employee, or the employee's spouse or minor children, on the same terms available to the general public.
This regulation applies to certain employees within the Office of the Secretary (OS) and other Departmental offices that report directly to a Secretarial officer who is in a position classified at GS-15 and above. Contact an ethics counselor from your office or bureau or refer to 5 C.F.R. § 3501.103(b)(ii) to see a list of affected offices. Employees in these offices may not acquire or hold any direct or indirect financial interest in Federal lands or resources administered or controlled by the Department. This generally includes stock or bond interests in most oil, gas, and mining companies that hold leases on Federal lands to conduct their operations.
Bureau of Land Management (BLM) employees are prohibited from voluntarily acquiring direct (owned by the BLM employee) or indirect (owned by the spouse or minor child of a BLM employee) financial interests in Federal lands. Prohibited interests include stocks, bonds, and sector mutual funds in oil, gas, geothermal, and mining companies that hold leases or other property rights on Federal lands. Prohibited interests also include companies that hold substantial Rights-of-Way on Federal lands. A BLM employee may not be a member or employee of a business that has interests in Federal lands, nor serve as a private sector real estate agent. Additionally, BLM employees may not occupy or use Federal lands (other than on the same terms as use of Federal lands is available to the general public), or take any benefits from Federal lands, based upon a contract, grant, lease, permit, easement, rental, agreement, mineral rights, grazing rights, or other holdings the BLM issues or regulates.
USGS employees are prohibited from holding financial interests in the mineral wealth of the United States and from executing any surveys or examinations for private parties. Prohibited interests include stocks and bonds in oil, gas, and other mining companies that hold significant leases on Federal lands. Annually, the USGS publishes a list of prohibited financial holdings in a Financial Guide for USGS Employees. Additionally, the USGS Conflict of Interest Policy sets limits on investments in energy sector mutual funds and entities engaged in mining activities on private land in the United States. The ability of USGS employees to own oil, gas or other mineral leases or receive royalties from those leases is extremely limited.
This law prohibits all Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE) employees and any other Federal employee who performs functions and duties under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 from having any financial interests in surface or underground coal mining operations. If you don't work for the OSMRE but have responsibilities connected with mining and reclamation operations, contact an ethics counselor from your office or bureau to determine whether you are covered by this law.
Prohibited financial interests under this law include companies that are involved in developing, producing, preparing, or loading coal or reclaiming the areas upon which such activities occur.
30 U.S.C. § 1267(g) prohibits employees of state regulatory authorities from performing any function or duty under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977. (See also30 C.F.R. Part 705.)