Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Investigation plans are evaluated by the Office of Subsistence Management staff and the Technical Review Committee. Four criteria are used to evaluate proposals: strategic priority, technical-scientific merit, past performance-administrative expertise, and partnership-capacity building. Following the review, each investigator is sent e-mail notification of the Technical Review Committee's funding recommendation and review comments.
Written summaries of the investigation plans are assembled into a draft Fisheries Resource Monitoring Plan. The draft plan is distributed to the Regional Advisory Councils for public review and comment. The Federal Subsistence Board reviews the draft plan with all the recommendations and comments and takes final action. The director of the Office of Subsistence Management is responsible for implementing the plan. Applicants whose projects have been selected for funding are notified in writing in January, 2016.