Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Prior to expending funds recovered as part of a settlement or litigation to implement restoration, the underlying statutes require the trustees to involve the public in the development and review of a restoration plan. The Comprehensive Environmental Recovery, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) and the Oil Pollution Act (OPA) natural resource damage assessment regulations require that the restoration plan list a reasonable number of possible alternatives for restoration, rehabilitation, replacement, and/or acquisition of equivalent resources and the related services lost to the public associated with each The extent of required restoration planning will depend on the specific obligations in a judicial decree or an administrative agreement as well as the complexity and scope of the natural resource injuries.
This handbook provides information and assistance for planning and implementing restoration actions with natural resource damages recovered through settlement or litigation under CERCLA, OPA, and the Clean Water Act. The handbook is organized as a set of modules, addressing various components of restoration planning, implementation, oversight and monitoring.