A rugged, whitewater river flowing northward through deep canyons, the New River is among the oldest rivers on the continent. New River Gorge National River in West Virginia encompasses over 70,000 acres of land along the New River, is rich in cultural and natural history, and offers an abundance of scenic and recreational opportunities.
Big Southern Butte is one of two domes rising from a sea of basalt near the center of the eastern Snake River Plain in Idaho. The butte is one of the largest volcanic domes in the world, but at 300,000 years old it is also one of the youngest. Hikers who trek to the 7,550-foot high summit are rewarded with spectacular panoramic views. Photo by Devin Englestead, BLM Upper Snake Wildlife Biologist.
First light at Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge in New Mexico. Established in November 22, 1939, the refuge has provided a critical stopover and wintering spot for thousands of sandhill cranes, geese and other waterfowl for 75 years. Bosque del Apache's sandhill crane population has multiplied from 18 birds in the 1840s to more than 20,000 birds today. Photo by Kim Hang Dessoliers (www.sharetheexperience.org).
Prior to expending funds recovered as part of a settlement or litigation to implement restoration, the underlying statutes require the trustees to involve the public in the development and review of a restoration plan. The Comprehensive Environmental Recovery, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) and the Oil Pollution Act (OPA) natural resource damage assessment regulations require that the restoration plan list a reasonable number of possible alternatives for restoration, rehabilitation, replacement, and/or acquisition of equivalent resources and the related services lost to the public associated with each The extent of required restoration planning will depend on the specific obligations in a judicial decree or an administrative agreement as well as the complexity and scope of the natural resource injuries.
This handbook provides information and assistance for planning and implementing restoration actions with natural resource damages recovered through settlement or litigation under CERCLA, OPA, and the Clean Water Act. The handbook is organized as a set of modules, addressing various components of restoration planning, implementation, oversight and monitoring.