Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Electronic Mail (E-Mail) - Records Management Guidance
September 10, 1999
MEMORANDUM To: Heads of Offices
Office of the Secretary Employees
From: Daryl W. White /s/ Chief Information Officer
Subject: Electronic Mail (E-Mail) - Records Management Guidance
The purpose of this memorandum is to clarify guidance issued by this office in a memorandum dated September 2, 1999, same subject. To reiterate the most important part of that guidance, you were informed that a recent U.S. Court of Appeals decision ruled that Federal agencies can delete electronic records from their computers as long as they have filed a paper copy of the records in their official recordkeeping system. The Office of the Secretary's current official recordkeeping system is the existing paper records filing system. As stated in the September 2, 1999 memorandum, employees must manage their E-mail records by:
Determining if the message meets the definition of a record.
Printing out the message (plus any attachments), along with the essential transmission data (author, transmittal date, all message recipients, subject).
Filing the paper copy of the record with all related paper records in your office's official paper recordkeeping system.
Deleting the E-mail message from your E-mail system on a timely basis.
E-mail messages may contain information that must be disclosed due to Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests, congressional requests, or to the courts in the course of litigation. E-mail messages that are the subject of active FOIA requests, congressional requests, or litigation must be printed out (along with any attachments and with the essential transmission data) and filed in your official paper recordkeeping system, before they are deleted from your e-mail system.
To the extent that any previously issued guidance is inconsistent with the policy articulated above, the previously issued guidance should be ignored.
For guidance in determining if your e-mail message is an official record, visit this website:www.doi.gov/ocio/records. For further assistance, contact Pamela Quallich, the OS Records Officer, at (202) 208-3909 or Ed McCeney, the Departmental Records officer, at (202) 208-3321.