The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) directive, Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review, dated December 15, 2004 requires that there be a "systematic process of peer review planning" and access to a list of information products for official dissemination that will be peer reviewed as either influential scientific information or highly influential scientific assessments.
Peer review is an important procedure used by the scientific community to ensure that the quality of published information. Peer review can increase the quality and credibility of the scientific information generated across the federal government. Important scientific information shall be peer reviewed by qualified specialists before it is disseminated by the federal government. Peer review involves the review of a draft product for quality by specialists in the field who were not involved in producing the draft. The peer reviewer’s report is an evaluation or critique that is used by the authors of the draft to improve the product. There are stricter minimum requirements for the peer review of influential or highly influential scientific.
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Bureau of Land Management
Bureau of Ocean Energy Management
Bureau of Reclamation
Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement
National Park Service
Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement
U.S.Fish and Wildlife Service
U.S. Geological Survey