Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Memorandum of Understanding between the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada and the Department of the Interior of the United States of America concerning Indigenous and Northern Issues
The Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada and the Department of the Interior, of the United States of America hereinafter referred to as "the Participants"; Recognizing that Canada and the United States of America work on a wide range of common interests and issues in the context of indigenous and northern issues; Wishing to promote mutually beneficial exchanges in areas of policy development, institutional building, program delivery, research, legislation, and other pertinent areas; Taking due note that Indigenous peoples and communities in each country have different languages, political structures, customs and beliefs, and that Indigenous peoples and communities are located in urban, rural and remote settings; Desiring to respect the dignity and rights of Indigenous peoples within the respective countries through mutual cooperation; and Intending to strengthen cooperation in indigenous affairs through processes that facilitate the mutual exchange of information, experiences, ideas and knowledge, in order to improve the quality of life of Indigenous peoples in each country. Have reached the following understanding:
The Participants intend to develop bilateral cooperation in accordance with paragraph 2, concerning indigenous and northern issues in the following areas:
policy and legislation experience;
socio-economic development of Indigenous peoples and the North
institutional building and governance for Indigenous peoples;
northern environment and sustainable development
capacity building through partnerships;
preservation and development of traditional Indigenous economies, traditional way of life and unique cultures of Indigenous peoples;
consultation with and accommodation of indigenous communities;
indigenous land tenure, title and planning;
emergency preparedness and law enforcement on indigenous reserves, including how related cultural concerns are addressed in indigenous communities located near our shared border; and
other mutually decided issues.
The Participants intend to cooperate by:
visiting and/or exchanging officials and experts;
meeting and video conferencing on indigenous and northern issues;
Cooperating in projects and consultations through existing and ongoing means;
exchanging information, sharing experiences and research; and
other mutually decided forms of cooperation.
For the purpose of this Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), the Participants intend to encourage and facilitate direct contacts between tribal/aboriginal governments, regional, territorial and local governments of both countries, academic institutions and the private sector.
Where travel is involved, the sending Participant should pay for international travel expenses, as well as in-country travel expenses of its participants and representatives, unless otherwise arranged. The Participants intend to make arrangements in advance regarding the payment of any other expenses incurred in consequence of this MOU.
Cooperation under this MOU is subject to Canadian and American laws and regulations, and treaties and international agreements to which Canada and the United States of Americas are both a party.
The Participants intend to designate officials to co-ordinate activities under this MOU through the development of a joint work plan.
Activities pursuant to this MOU may commence upon its signature by the Participants.
Either Participant may discontinue its participation in activities under this MOU at any time by providing a written notice to the other Participant.
The Participants may modify this MOU in writing at any time upon their mutual written consent.
Signed in duplicate at Ottawa this 29th day of March 2010 in the English and French languages.
Chuck Strahl for the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
Ken Salazar for the Department of the Interior, of the United States of America