Federal legislation provides for a variety of agreements and tools that enable Federal agencies to cooperate with other Federal and non-Federal entities, including industrial for-profit organizations. They also enable the protection, where necessary, of new knowledge and scientific/technical information from public disclosure, including the intellectual property interests of collaborating parties.

Federal agencies may use technology transfer agreements to share, exchange, transfer, obtain and/or use, as appropriate under statute, information, expertise, facilities, and materials with other entities. Such agreements include:

Bureaus and offices may also use a combination of the above types of technology transfer agreements, as appropriate. 

Technology transfer agreements should adhere to the principles and policies specified in the Departmental Manual, and they may enter into technology transfer agreements with any entity, including:

  • Other Federal agencies
  • State and local governmental units
  • Industrial organizations (e.g., corporations, partnerships, limited partnerships, and industrial development organizations)
  • Public and private foundations
  • Nonprofit organizations (including universities)
  • Other persons (including licensees of inventions owned by the Federal agency)
  • Appropriate foreign entities.






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