Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
The Torch/Platform Irene Oil Spill Trustee Council continues to implement a number of restoration projects addressing injuries to seabirds arising from a 1997 oil spill from a pipeline into the Santa Barbara Channel. These restoration projects focus on Brown Pelicans, Brandt's Cormorants, Pigeon Guillemots, Black Oystercatchers, and Western Gulls, the species most heavily impacted by the oil spill. In addition to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Bureau of Land Management, the Trustees include two California state agencies, NOAA, and the U.S. Air Force.
In 2010, the Trustees directed $1.2 million of settlement funds to the Bureau of Land Management to establish the Seabird Colony Enhancement Project over a 300-mile long project area. The goal of the project is to restore populations of nesting and roosting seabirds by reducing multiple kinds of human disturbances to colonies and to monitor progress toward recovery of seabird populations since the spill. The design of this effort is modeled after the successful work of the Command Oil Spill Trustee Council to establish a similar Seabird Protection Network further north on the California coast near San Francisco from Monterey County to Sonoma County.
The Trustees conducted aerial overflights of the Central California coast from Point Sur (Monterey County) south to Point Conception (Santa Barbara County) in late May to document the existing population levels of seabird colonies. An education specialist from the California Department of State Parks and Recreation is implementing outreach and media programs to involve key groups within the general public, such as fishermen, recreation groups and pilots. Through outreach efforts such as public service announcements, information kiosks, and displays at highly visited beaches and bluffs, Trustees can inform the public about seabirds, their biology, habitat requirements for nesting and roosting, and the ways that people can contribute to assisting recovery of seabird colonies in the project area through their own behavior and concern.
Bird biologists from a non-governmental organization, PRBO Conservation Science, have mapped permanent locations from which to observe reproductive success at nesting colonies at least weekly during the nesting season in 2011 and beyond. BLM and PRBO are working jointly with local communities in the impact area to establish long-term citizen-science cadres of local residents to monitor important areas of seabird concentrations throughout the year. In addition, the Trustees are working with Federal, State, county, and municipal law enforcement agencies to educate the public on the legal basis for protecting seabirds from human disturbances and how to avoid unintended disturbances to seabirds.
The trustees are especially concerned about the seabird colonies closest to population centers because of the potential detrimental impact of human activity on seabird populations. Specifically, Trustees are focusing on colonies near the Vandenberg Air Force Base, the Diablo Canyon nuclear power plant, and Morro Rock near San Luis Obispo. These activities are providing essential information about eventual needs for access control and habitat improvements for seabird colonies in the project area. Observations will extend to remote colonies in southern Monterey County in future seasons.