Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
In 2009, the Command Oil Spill Trustee Council, consisting of the Fish and Wildlife Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and three California state agencies, continued to implement and monitor several inter-related restoration projects. These projects are intended to compensate for injuries to birds and impacts to human recreational uses resulting from an oil spill in 1998 along the San Mateo County coast.
One of the primary components of the Command restoration plan is to protect seabird colonies on rocky outcrops and islands in and near the Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary and the Farallones National Wildlife Refuge. Through a partnership with the U.S. Coast Guard and the Federal Aviation Administration, the Command Trustee Council has been able to establish seven restricted zones around seabird colonies and educate boaters, kayakers, pilots and others about the need avoid these sensitive sites and to view the seabirds without disturbance.
The trustees plan to install an additional 27 buoys around the enclosure areas. This project has become a model that is being adopted at other coastal restoration sites up and down the California coast.
The trustees have also designed and built rock walls and structures to prevent disturbance of common murre nest sites by hikers using a foot path on Southeast Farallon Island. This project has led to a 12% increase in nests. Trustee biologists have observed that the vast majority, approximately 90%, of the common murres on the island reside and nest in areas where walls shield the birds from view. Additional projects undertaken by the trustees include a partnership to restore native vegetation to Año Nuevo Island, improving public access to beaches and coastal observation sites, and continuing to monitor the results of bird management and land acquisition projects undertaken in past years.