STATEMENT OF DANIEL N. WENK,
DEPUTY DIRECTOR, NATIONAL PARK SERVICE,
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,
HOUSE NATURAL RESOURCES SUBCOMMITTEE
ON NATIONAL PARKS, FORESTS, AND PUBLIC LANDS
CONCERNING S. 553,
A BILL TO REVISE THE AUTHORIZED ROUTE
OF THE NORTH COUNTRY NATIONAL SCENIC TRAIL
IN NORTHEASTERN MINNESOTA TO INCLUDE EXISTING HIKING TRAILS
ALONG LAKE SUPERIOR'S NORTH SHORE AND
IN SUPERIOR NATIONAL FOREST AND CHIPPEWA NATIONAL FOREST
March 17, 2010
Mr. Chairman and members of the subcommittee, thank you for the opportunity to appear before you today to present the Department of the Interior's views on S. 553, a bill to revise the authorized route of the North Country National Scenic Trail in northeastern Minnesota to include existing hiking trails along Lake Superior's north shore and in Superior National Forest and Chippewa National Forest.
The Department supports enactment of S. 553 with two amendments described later in this statement.This legislation would amend section 5(a)(8) of the National Trails System Act to revise the route of the North Country National Scenic Trail in northeastern
The North Country National Scenic Trail was authorized by Congress in 1980 to provide superlative outdoor recreation opportunities and conservation of nationally significant scenic, historic, natural and cultural qualities along the trail corridor, to provide a premier hiking trail facility, and to encourage and assist volunteer citizen involvement in the planning, development, maintenance and management of the trail.The National Park Service (NPS) administers this trail.The comprehensive management plan for the trail was issued in 1982.
The authorized route of the trail in northeastern Minnesota traverses more than 70 miles of black spruce and tamarack swamp, extending westward from Jay Cooke State Park, south of Duluth, to the Chippewa National Forest, southwest of Grand Rapids.Because of the location and difficult environmental conditions within the swamp, no portion of this section of the trail has been constructed.The proposed revised route uses three existing hiking trails all developed or redeveloped by volunteers since the Comprehensive Management Plan for the North Country Trail was written.These trails, totaling over 300 miles of existing hiking trail, follow the north shore of Lake Superior and traverse the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness in the Superior National Forest, a region of the state known locally as the "Arrowhead."The proposed change has become known in the North Country Trail community as the "Arrowhead Reroute."
The National Trails System Act states that segments of a national scenic trail may be relocated upon a determination that the relocation is necessary to preserve the purposes of the trail and to promote a sound land management program.The authorized route through 70 miles of densely wooded wetlands does not provide a superlative outdoor recreation experience.To provide a premier hiking experience and preserve the landscape would require the construction of many miles of boardwalk in order to successfully traverse those wetlands.This factor alone has not and will not encourage volunteers to become involved in establishing that route.
In stark contrast, the revised Arrowhead Reroute connects nationally significant natural, cultural, and recreational resources with outstanding scenery that epitomizes the "
Approximately three-quarters of the Arrowhead Reroute already exists, having been built as part of the three existing hiking trails—the Superior Hiking Trail, Border Route Trail, and Kekekabic Trail.New sections that would need to be constructed to complete the reroute in the Chippewa and
There is strong support for the trail relocation among public agencies and jurisdictions. The Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (DNR) has been a strong proponent of the relocation since the late 1980s.Also, the supervisors of the
The North Country Trail Association and the Parks and Trails Council of Minnesota are committed to developing the connecting trail segments that will be needed between Ely and the
The NPS anticipates the cost of adding this route and constructing a footpath to be very low.The construction would be done primarily by volunteers using hand tools.Current NPS staff would provide route planning and support for the volunteers who help develop and maintain the path.Funding would be needed to supply trail markers, signage, tools, equipment, and materials to the volunteers for the 400 additional miles of trail.The average cost is estimated to be $100 per mile per year, or $40,000 per year.
The portions of the North Country Trail reroute yet to be built have not been laid out in detail.No specific landowners have been identified or contacted.Rather, the route assessment (study) identified a corridor several miles wide within which the trail will eventually be laid out.This will allow the NPS and its partners to design a route that will minimize the amount of private land involved and to work with landowners on a voluntary basis—if one landowner is not interested in having the trail on his property, perhaps a neighbor will be amenable.Consequently, no estimates of land acquisition costs have been developed.
Up until March 30, 2009, the Federal government was prohibited from spending funds to acquire lands for the North Country National Scenic Trail outside the exterior boundaries of existing Federal areas.However, Federal funds could be granted to others to assist them in acquiring these lands.In FY 2000 Congress directed the NPS to grant $500,000 from the Land and Water Conservation Fund to the state of
We recommend that S. 553 be amended to increase the overall length of the trail to 4,600 miles and to insert language reflecting the revised map. The proposed amendments are attached to this testimony.
Mr. Chairman, this concludes my testimony. I would be glad to answer any questions that you or other members of the subcommittee may have.
Suggested amendments to H.R. 481
On page 4, line 3 strike "SEC. 3" and all that follows through line 17 and insert the following:
Section 5(a)(8) of the National Trails System Act (16 U.S.C. 12244(a)) is amended as follows:
(1)strike "thirty-two hundred miles" and insert "forty-six hundred miles", and
(2)strike "Proposed North Country Trail" through "June 1975" and insert '"North Country National Scenic Trail, Authorized Route', dated February 16, 2005, and numbered 649/80,002."