Mercury's surface in "enhanced color," a color scheme created to emphasize color differences. This is not what Mercury would look like to the human eye, but by applying mathematical analysis to images, color differences can be accentuated beyond those visible to a person.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
ASSISTANT DIRECTOR, BUSINESS SERVICES, NATIONAL PARK SERVICE,
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL PARKS,
COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES,
UNITED STATES SENATE,
CONCERNING S. 1413,
TO AMEND THE ADAMS NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK ACT OF 1998
TO INCLUDE THE QUINCY HOMESTEAD WITHIN THE BOUNDARY
OF THE ADAMS NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.
NOVEMBER 4, 2009
Mr. Chairman, thank you for the opportunity to appear before your committee to present the views of the Department of the Interior on S. 1413, a bill to include the Quincy Homestead in Quincy, Massachusetts, within the boundary of Adams National Historical Park.
The Department opposes S. 1413, consistent with a 1994 National Park Service Special Resource Study that did not recommend adding this property to the AdamsNationalHistoricalPark.
The Quincy Homestead was designated a National Historic Landmark in 2005 based on its architectural significance; its association with four generations of Edmund Quincys during the 17th and 18th centuries; its long association with people of learning and mercantile achievement; its use as a progressive farm in the 18th century; its path-breaking early restoration by Joseph Everett Chandler in 1904; and its association with the Society of Colonial Dames of America. The Homestead is also known as the "Dorothy Quincy House." Dorothy Quincy, a daughter of Edmund Quincy IV, the last Quincy to occupy the Homestead, grew up in the dwelling and married John Hancock. The Homestead is owned by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and operated through agreement by the Society of Colonial Dames of America as a house museum.
The Quincy families were among the significant families of Massachusetts during their tenures of ownership of the property. All four generations associated with the site and the house played important roles in local and colonial military and political activities. Edmund I (1602-1635), who immigrated to Boston from England, was a Boston representative in the General Court of the Province. Edmund II (1628-1696) was the first major and lieutenant colonel in Braintree, Massachusetts, and representative to the Massachusetts General Assembly. Edmund III (1681-1738) was Judge of the Superior Court of Judicature and a member of the Board of Overseers of Harvard University. Edmund IV (1703-1788) was successful in partnership with others in mercantile trade.
The Homestead, during the period of occupancy by the Quincy families, went through a series of phases of construction, with the first being undertaken by Edmund Quincy II in 1686. Additions and alterations proceeded in the period 1706-1708 and again in 1737 by Edmund Quincy III. Circa 1750, Edmund Quincy IV carried out extensive remodeling of the interior of the structure. The property was sold by the family in 1763.
In 1994, pursuant to Public Law 101-512, the National Park Service completed a Special Resource Study of a number of historic resources in Quincy, Massachusetts. The Quincy Homestead was among the resources analyzed during the course of the study. The study did not recommend that any resources investigated become units of the National Park System or that the Quincy Homestead be added to the AdamsNationalHistoricalPark. No information has come to the Department's attention that would alter the conclusions of the Special Resource Study.
The purpose of AdamsNationalHistoricalPark is to preserve and protect the grounds, homes and personal property of four generations of the Adams family and to use these resources to interpret the history they represent and to educate and inspire current and future generations.We do not believe that the Quincy Homestead is related to the purposes for which the park was established, nor does it appear to have any direct relationship with the Adams family, other than the fact that John Adams was once a suitor to Dorothy Quincy and a visitor to the Homestead. While Abigail Adams had Quincy family ancestry on her mother's side, she never lived at the Homestead. There does not appear to be any direct connection between John, Abigail, John Quincy, or Louisa Adams and the Homestead that would categorize the structure as a closely related resource to those now within the boundary of the park. Since the Homestead is currently owned by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and operated as a house museum by the Society of Colonial Dames of America, we do not see a need for management of the resource by the National Park Service.
Although there is support at the county and local levels for inclusion of the Quincy Homestead into the National Park System as part of AdamsNationalHistoricalPark, we cannot support the action without a finding that the resource meets congressionally required criteria for designation.
Mr. Chairman, this concludes my testimony. I am prepared to answer any questions from members of the Committee.