Mercury's surface in "enhanced color," a color scheme created to emphasize color differences. This is not what Mercury would look like to the human eye, but by applying mathematical analysis to images, color differences can be accentuated beyond those visible to a person.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
STATEMENT OF WILLIAM D. SHADDOX, ACTING ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR, PARK
PLANNING, FACILITIES AND LANDS, NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT
OF THE INTERIOR, BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL PARKS,
FORESTS AND PUBLIC LANDS, OF THE HOUSE COMMITTEE ON NATURAL
RESOURCES, CONCERNING H.R. 2094, A BILL TO PROVIDE FOR CERTAIN
ADMINISTRATIVE AND SUPPORT SERVICES FOR THE DWIGHT D.
EISENHOWER MEMORIAL COMMISSION
September 27, 2007
Mr. Chairman and members of the subcommittee, thank you for the opportunity to appear before you today to present the Department of the Interior's views on H.R. 2094, a bill to provide for certain administrative and support services for the Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial Commission.
The Department has no position on H.R. 2094 as it involves providing administrative and support services for an established congressional commission by the General Services Administration (GSA) rather than the Department of the Interior. We understand that the Department of Justice has concerns with certain provisions on volunteer services in H.R. 2094 that could significantly expand the potential for Federal tort liability. The Senate Energy and Natural Resources Subcommittee on National Parks held a hearing on the companion bill, S. 890, on April 26, 2007. The Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee subsequently amended the bill to incorporate volunteer liability language recommended by the Department of Justice but also struck the text clarifying that the Commission's volunteers were Federal employees for purposes of the criminal conflict of interest laws, leaving their status with respect to such laws unclear. The Committee approved the amended bill on June 26.
The Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial Commission (Commission) is a congressional commission established by Section 8162 of Public Law 106-79 on October 25, 1999. H.R. 2094 would amend Section 8162 to update the powers of the Commission and provide additional staff and support services to assist the Commission in performing its duties and responsibilities. The bill would require the GSA to provide administrative services on a reimbursable basis. It also would allow the Commission to use all contracts, schedules, and acquisition vehicles allowed to external clients through the GSA.
In January 2002, the Commission's authorization was amended by Public Law 107-117 to require that the memorial to Dwight D. Eisenhower be established pursuant to the provisions of the Commemorative Works Act. Public Law 109-220, enacted in May 2006, authorized the memorial to be constructed on a site within Area I as Dwight D. Eisenhower is deemed to be of “preeminent historical and lasting significance to the Nation.” As a result of an alternative site study completed in 2006, the National Park Service, the Commission of Fine Arts and the National Capital Planning Commission have all approved a site south of Independence Avenue near its intersection with Maryland Avenue, which was identified in the Memorials and Museums Master Plan as Prime Candidate Site suitable for a presidential memorial. The next step is for the Commission to select a design concept in accordance with guidance contained in the site approval and to submit it for review by the Secretary of the Interior, the Commission of Fine Arts and the National Capital Planning Commission.
During his term, President Eisenhower created the National Interstate Highway System, which remains a critical component of U.S. infrastructure today. Eisenhower also is credited with proposing and signing into law the Civil Rights Acts of 1957 and 1960, and striving to make the District of Columbia a model for the nation in racially integrating public schools. He created the precedent for the proposed National Parks Centennial Initiative by initiating a comprehensive ten-year program, Mission 66, to restore and improve National Parks to meet the needs of a public increasingly interested in the great outdoors.
The Department supports the work of the Commission and is willing to assist them throughout the process of establishing an appropriate permanent memorial to Dwight D. Eisenhower, the 34th President of the United States.
That concludes my testimony, I would be glad to answer any questions that you or other members of the subcommittee may have.