Mercury's surface in "enhanced color," a color scheme created to emphasize color differences. This is not what Mercury would look like to the human eye, but by applying mathematical analysis to images, color differences can be accentuated beyond those visible to a person.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
I am Robert Johnson, Commissioner for the Bureau of Reclamation. I am pleased to be here today to provide the Department of the Interior's views on S. 542, legislation to authorize the Secretary to conduct feasibility studies to address water shortages within the Snake, Boise, and Payette River systems in Idaho.
Reclamation previously provided testimony on September 21, 2006, regarding the Administration's views on H.R. 2563 as referred to the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee, a bill equivalent to S. 542 introduced this Congress. Consistent with our testimony in the last Congress, we support S. 542.
The State of Idaho continues to experience the effects of a prolonged drought as well as tremendous growth and urbanization in the Boise and Payette River basins. Projected population growth will eventually over-extend existing ground water supplies for these rapidly growing areas. In light of this and other water resource issues elsewhere in the state, the Idaho State House of Representatives issued Joint Memorial No. 24 in 2004, which “recognizes the need for additional water to meet Idaho's emerging needs and encourages Federal and State agencies to cooperate with Idaho in identifying and developing such water supply projects.”
Under existing authorities, Reclamation initiated an assessment level water supply study specifically in the Boise and Payette basins. Stakeholders with wide representation from the State, Federal, agricultural, environmental and municipal sectors participated in that study. The Final Boise/Payette Water Storage Assessment Report was completed in July 2006 and was distributed to local State, Federal, agricultural, environmental and municipal parties.
S. 542 would go the next step by authorizing Reclamation to conduct feasibility studies within the Snake, Boise, and Payette River systems. However, while the legislation provides authority for feasibility studies in the Snake River system, Reclamation's assessment report referenced in the legislation solely evaluated and identified projects for further consideration in the Boise and Payette river systems, thus limiting the scope of the bill's authorization.
Reclamation supports focused, basin-by-basin water resource studies with input and local involvement from the State and the stakeholder communities. We recognize the need to address projected water supply shortages in the Boise and Payette River systems, and look forward to doing so in partnership with future beneficiaries. We would welcome the opportunity to be an active partner in addressing these water supply issues with the State of Idaho and its water users. However, any studies conducted under this new authority would still need to compete with other needs within the Reclamation program for funding priority in the President's Budget.
This concludes my testimony. I am pleased to answer any questions.