Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
H.R. 523, Douglas County, Washington, PUD Conveyance Act
February 27, 2008
Thank you for the opportunity to testify on H.R. 523. This legislation directs the Secretary of the Interior to convey certain public lands located wholly or partially within the boundaries of the Wells Dam Hydroelectric Project [Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Project No. 2149-19795] (Project) to Public Utility District No. 1 of Douglas County, WA (PUD). The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) supports this conveyance. During consideration of H.R. 523 by the House Committee on Natural Resources in the 1st session of this Congress, the BLM raised several concerns. These were resolved to our satisfaction in the legislation passed by the House of Representatives on October 22, 2007, and referred to the Senate. The BLM therefore supports H.R. 523.
Since 1998, the PUD has expressed a strong desire to purchase all BLM-managed public lands within the Project boundaries. Some of the public lands the PUD wishes to acquire are located within the boundaries of the Project. These were reserved for power site purposes by order of the Federal Power Commission (FPC Order dated July 12, 1962, for Power Project No. 2149). Also, the PUD has requested some public lands that lie outside (but contiguous to) the designated project boundary. The PUD's 50-year license for the project expires on May 31, 2012. Its application for relicensing must be filed with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) by 2010. The BLM, with management responsibilities for land located within Project boundaries, is in the initial stages of preparing to participate in the section 4(e) [Federal Power Act, 16 U.S.C. 797(e)] relicensing process.
In testimony on H.R. 523 before the House Natural Resources Subcommittee on National Parks, Public Lands, and Forests (May 10, 2007), the BLM raised two concerns. The Subcommittee subsequently adopted an amendment in the nature of a substitute that addressed our concerns, as follows:
·Resource safeguards. BLM had encouragedthe sponsor and the Subcommittee to provide safeguards to protect the known resource values on these lands, which include Bald Eagle roosts and approximately two miles of Columbia River shoreline currently open to the public. The amendment adopted by the Subcommittee added assures this protection will be provided through the relicensing process. The amendment added a new "Retained Authority" provision under which the Secretary of the Interior's role and participation in the relicensing action for the PUD is preserved even though the Federal government would no longer own land within the Project boundary. The BLM does not object to Section 5; as noted previously, we are already in the initial stages of preparing for the relicensing process and will fulfill that obligation.
·Disposition of Funds. BLM recommended that Section 3(f) of the legislation be amended to direct that the proceeds from the sales be deposited in the "Federal Land Disposal Account" established by P.L.106-248, the Federal Land Transaction Facilitation Act (FLTFA). This recommendation was adopted.
Thank you for the opportunity to testify. I will be glad to answer questions.