The Daily Climate
The Daily Climate publishes reports on unheralded and often overlooked aspects of climate science, along with a daily compilation of news about climate change from mainstream media sources around the world.
Environmental and Energy Study Institute Climate Change News
This source recounts the top stories of the week and includes a list of upcoming events. The Environmental and Energy Study Institute (EESI) is a non-profit organization founded in 1984 by a bipartisan Congressional caucus dedicated to finding innovative environmental and energy solutions.
Environmental News Network (ENN): Climate
The Environmental News Network gathers, selects and publishes environmental news from a variety of sources.
Encyclopedia of Earth: Climate Change
Includes information from The Climate, Adaptation, Mitigation, E-Learning (CAMEL) project from the Council of Environmental Deans and Directors (CEDD) of the National Council for Science and the Environment and is supported by the National Science Foundation.
Global Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet
Global Climate Change is a multimedia Web site featuring photographs, movies, animations, interactive graphics, and other presentations of NASA's research into climate change.
Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States
Produced by the United States Global Change Research Program in 2009, the report focuses on climate change impacts in different regions of the U.S. and on various aspects of society and the economy such as energy, water, agriculture, and health.
National Climate Assessment
Assessments have been integral components of US Global Change Research Program since its inception. It has a legal mandate to conduct a National Climate Assessment (NCA) every four years, the third and most recent of which was released in May 2014.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the leading international body for the assessment of climate change. It was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) to provide the world with a clear scientific view on the current state of knowledge in climate change and its potential environmental and socio-economic impacts.
Most IPCC Reports published since 1997 are available online. Of special interest are the IPCC's Assessment Reports, which are published at regular intervals. Five assessment reports have been completed -- in 1990, 1995, 2001 and 2007, and 2013-2014. The Fifth Assessment Report is composed of 4 volumes and is available online. It's made up of the full reports prepared by the Working Groups (I, II, and III) and their Summaries for Policymakers as well as the Synthesis Report.
Introduction to Climate Dynamics and Climate Modeling
An English-language online textbook by H. Goosse, P.Y. Barriat, W. Lefebvre, M.F. Loutre and V. Zunz, first designed for a course at the Université Catholique de Louvain (Belgium).
Surface Temperature Reconstructions for the Last 2,000 Years
By the Committee on Surface Temperature Reconstructions for the Last 2,000 Years, National Research Council, 2006. The book assesses scientific efforts to reconstruct surface temperature records and their implications for understanding global climate change.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Climate Change Website
EPA encourages voluntary greenhouse gas reductions from large corporations, consumers, industrial and commercial buildings and many major industrial sectors. It also contributes to the U.S. Global Change Research Program, and is engaged internationally in scientific research, climate change mitigation and environmental monitoring.
U.S. Geological Survey: Climate and Land Use Change
The U.S. Geological Survey is a contributor to the U.S. Global Change Research Program. This website includes scientific reports, news releases, and information for the general public and policymakers, including Congressional briefings and podcasts produced by U.S. Geological Survey scientists.
United States Global Change Research Program
The U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) coordinates and integrates Federal research on changes in the global environment and their implications for society.
Arctic Report Card
Produced by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Arctic Report Card tracks recent environmental changes throughout the Arctic, and is updated annually.
Climate Change: The Discovery of Global Warming
By historian Spencer Weart, who is director, Center for History of Physics, American Institute of Physics. The essays cover the entire history of the discovery of climate change, from the late 19th century to today.
Climate Change: A Guide to the Information and Disinformation
Produced by the Society of Environmental Journalists
Greenhouse Gas Online
The site contains links to news articles and scientific abstracts from greenhouse gas-related papers from over 100 peer-reviewed journals.
RealClimate is a blog by working climate scientists that aims to provide journalists and the public a quick response to developing stories and to provide the context sometimes missing in mainstream journalistic commentary. The discussion is restricted to scientific topics and will not get involved in any political or economic implications of the science.
Science Tracer Bullets Online: Global Warming and Climate Change
An extensive guide to research, produced by the Library of Congress Science Reference Services in 2008. Includes bibliographies of selected books, conference proceedings, technical reports, government publications, journals, and Internet resources, as well as directories of organizations and data sources.
Weather and Climate Sites
A list of web sites selected by the NOAA Central Library staff.
CAIT Climate Data Explorer
CAIT is one of the most trusted sources of climate data available. It is a free and open source for comprehensive and comparable climate and emissions data. CAIT is made up of a suite of tools that allow users to utilize the data to understand considerations of equity in climate negotiations, see transparency and available information in country climate action comitments, interact with historical emissions data, and dive into the methodologies behind future emissions projections. CAIT allows national governments, international organizations and independent researchers to perform relevant analysis and promote efficient action on climate change.
California Climate Commons
The Climate Commons offers a starting point for discovery of climate change data and related resources, information about the science that produced it, and guidance for applying climate change science to conservation in California.
Global Change Master Directory
NASA's Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) holds more than 25,000 Earth science data set and service descriptions, which cover subject areas within the Earth and environmental sciences. The project mission is to assist researchers, policy makers, and the public in the discovery of and access to data, related services, and ancillary information (which includes descriptions of instruments and platforms) relevant to global change and Earth science research.
Greenhouse Gas Bulletin
Published annually by the Atmospheric Environment and Research Division of the World Meteorological Organization, these bulletins report the latest trends and atmospheric burdens of the most influential, long-lived greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O), as well as a summary of the contributions of the lesser gases.
The ultimate goal for the portal is to become the "go-to" website for NOAA's climate data, products, and services. It initially focuses on several datasets and products from NOAA's National Climatic Data Center, Coastal Services Center, and Climate Prediction Center, among others. The initial intent is to highlight some of most popular datasets and products.
NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
NOAA’s former three data centers—the National Climatic Data Center, the National Geophysical Data Center, and the National Oceanographic Data Center, which includes the National Coastal Data Development Center—have merged into the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI).
NCEI is responsible for hosting and providing access to one of the most significant archives on Earth, with comprehensive oceanic, atmospheric, and geophysical data. From the depths of the ocean to the surface of the sun and from million-year-old sediment records to near real-time satellite images, NCEI is the Nation’s leading authority for environmental information.
Adapting to Climate Change: A Short Course for Land Managers
Produced by the U.S. Forest Service, this course includes video lectures from a July 2008 workshop at the H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest that brought together U.S. Forest Service and U.S. Geological Survey scientists, and resource managers who served as reviewers and discussants.
Climate Adaptation Knowledge Exchange (CAKE) Virtual Library
The goal of the Virtual Library is to provide the full range of available information on climate adaptation, while helping users quickly and easily identify useful documents. Over 1600 documents from worldwide sources are included.
Climate Change Adaptation: What Federal Agencies Are Doing
Report by the Pew Center on Global Climate Change, November 2010; February 2012 Update.
Climate Change and Water Resources Management: A Federal Perspective
By Levi D. Brekke and others. The purpose of this interagency report prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is to explore strategies to improve water management by tracking, anticipating, and responding to climate change.
Climate Change Resource Center of the U.S. Forest Service
The Climate Change Resource Center is for resource managers and decisionmakers who need information and tools to address climate change in planning and project implementation. The site offers educational information, including basic science modules that explain climate and climate impacts, decision-support models, maps, simulations, case studies, and toolkits.
Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture, Land Resources, Water Resources, and Biodiversity in the United States
Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research, 2008; convening lead authors: Peter Backlund, Anthony Janetos, and David Schimel; managing editor: Margaret Walsh. This is part of a series of 21 Synthesis and Assessment Products to inform public debate, policy, and operational decisions.
Effects of Climate Change on Energy Production and Use in the United States
A 2008 report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the National Science and Technology Council Subcommittee on Global Change Research
FedCenter: Climate Change Adaptation Program Area
Through adaptation planning, an agency can identify how climate change is likely to impact its ability to achieve its mission, operate, or meet its policy and program objectives. This site contains links to regulations, guidance, and policy documents, supporting information and tools, including databases, software, libraries, organizations, and programs, training, presentations, and events.
National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center (NCCWSC)
A science center within the U.S. Geological Survey, the NCCWSC was established by Congress in 2008 to help deliver scientific and technical information to help natural resource managers cope with a changing climate.
Scanning the Conservation Horizon: A Guide to Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment
Determining which species of fish and wildlife are most vulnerable enables managers to better set priorities for conservation action, while understanding why they are vulnerable provides a basis for developing appropriate management and conservation responses.
State of the Birds
Produced by the North American Bird Conservation Initiative, U.S. Committee. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service took the lead in creating this report in partnership with state wildlife agencies and nongovernmental organizations.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Conservation in a Changing Climate
A growing body of evidence has linked accelerating climate change with observed changes in fish and wildlife, their populations, and their habitats in the United States. This site describes the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's research and response to these changes.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Southeast Region Climate Change Policy
Includes links to even more information on projects and policies of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Advisory Committee on Climate Change and Natural Resource Science (ACCCNRS)
ACCCNRS advises the Secretary of the Interior on the establishment and operations of the U.S. Geological Survey National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center and the Department of the Interior Climate Science Centers.
America's Climate Choices
Reports produced by the National Research Council of the National Academies
Climate Change and President Barack Obama's Action Plan
Statements on mitigation and adaptation to climate change from the White House
Federal Agencies' Actions Following the Supreme Court's Climate Change Decision in Massachusetts v. EPA: A Chronology
By Robert Meltz, Legislative Attourney, Congressional Research Service, July 6, 2012
Federal Climate Change Programs: Funding History and Policy Issues
By the U.S. Congressional Budget Office, March 2010
Informing Decisions in a Changing Climate
By the National Research Council's Panel on Strategies and Methods for Climate-Related Decision Support, 2009
Potential Impacts of Climate Change in the United States
By the U.S. Congressional Budget Office, May 2009
Preparing for Our Common Future: Policy Choices and the Economics of Climate Change
Goldman Lecture in Economics, Wellesley College, October 27, 2008, by Peter Orszag, Director, Congressional Budget Office
The Congressional Research Service reports listed below provide context and a chronology of intergovernmental efforts to limit greenhouse gas emissions:
A U.S. Centric Chronology of the International Climate Change Negotiations
By Jane A. Leggett, Specialist in Energy and Environmental Policy, February 8, 2011
International Agreements on Climate Change: Selected Legal Questions
By Emily C. Barbour, Legislative Attorney, April 12, 2010
Status of the Copenhagen Climate Change Negotiations
By Jane A. Leggett, Specialist in Energy and Environmental Policy, and Richard K. Lattanzio, Analyst in Environmental Policy, November 5, 2009
Some nations approved an addition to the treaty: the Kyoto Protocol, which has more powerful (and legally binding) measures. The major distinction between the Protocol and the Convention is that while the Convention encouraged industrialised countries to stabilize greenhouse gas emissions, the Protocol commits them to do so.
The Fifteenth Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), also referred to as "COP 15," or the Copenhagen Climate Summit, took place in Copenhagen, Demark, December 7-19, 2009. The accord creates a voluntary international reporting and verification scheme aimed at meeting individual national climate change mitigation commitments and greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets.
The Sixteenth Session of the Conference of the Parties, held in Cancún, Mexico, Nov. 29-Dec. 10, 2010, resulted in the adoption of the Cancún Agreements, which furthered the work represented by the Copenhagen Accord.
The Seventeenth Session of the Conference of the Parties, held in Durban, South Africa, Nov. 28-Dec. 9, 2011, advanced the implementation of the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol, the Bali Action Plan, and the Cancun Agreements.
Doha Climate Change Conference (COP 18, November 2012)
Warsaw Climate Change Conference (COP 19, November 2013)
Lima Climate Change Conference (COP 20, December 2014)
Paris Climate Change Conference (COP 21, November 2015)
Everything You Need to Know About the Paris Climate Summit and UN Talks
The Guardian (UK) U.S. Edition, June 2, 2015
Conference on Global Leadership in the Arctic (GLACIER, Anchorage, Alaska, August 30-31, 2015)
The Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate
The Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate (MEF) intends to facilitate dialogue, generate political leadership, and advance the exploration of concrete initiatives and joint ventures that increase the supply of clean energy while cutting greenhouse gas emissions.
Climate Change Policy & Practice
News and information of United Nations' and intergovernmental activities addressing global climate change policy, produced by the International Institute for Sustainable Development.
Climate Science & Policy Watch
A non-profit public interest education and advocacy project, Climate Science & Policy Watch investigates and diagnoses the use and misuse of climate change research and assessments in U.S. national politics and policymaking.
Global Change Magazine
The magazine of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP), Global Change highlights its research and includes articles that link science, society and policy. It has been published quarterly since 1989, and formerly was known as the IGBP Newsletter.
Real Climate Economics
A blog produced by Economics for Equity and the Environment Network (E3), a national network of economists whose applied research supports active environmental protection.
Economic Analysis and the Formulation of U.S. Climate Policy
By Michael A. Toman; published by Resources for the Future, 2003
The Economics of Climate Change
By Sir Nicholas Stern, Head of the U.K. Government Economic Service and Adviser to the Government on the Economics of Climate Change and Development, January 2007. The Stern Review demonstrates that the benefits of quickly lowering greenhouse gas emissions are higher than the overall costs to human welfare. It includes case studies, graphices of key issues, and guidelines for action.
The Economics of Global Climate Change
By Jonathan M. Harris, Brian Roach, and Anne-Marie Codur, the Global Development and Environment Institute, Tufts University, 2015.
Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (c2es)
Formerly the Pew Center on Global Climate Change, a non-profit, non-partisan and independent organization that aims to provide credible information and innovative solutions that address global climate change.
The Climate Institute
The Climate Institute is an international NGO of scientists and policy leaders concerned with climate change and protection of the stratospheric ozone layer, and has organized conferences, symposia, and ministerial briefings in thirty nations. The Institute's newsletter, the Climate Alert, is a source for policy makers on the likely impacts of climate change in the U.S. and abroad.
ICLEI-USA: Local Governments for Sustainability
ICLEI-USA provides the most widely used standards and software tools for local climate action, and more than 1,000 local governments around the world have utilized its Five Milestones frameworks. Through partnerships, its frameworks and tools have been institutionalized into state-level climate policy. It has also provided leadership in linking local governments to global policy processes and multilateral environmental agreements.
Landscape Conservation Cooperatives are a network of public-private partnerships that provide applied conservation science to inform integrated resource management actions addressing climate change and other stressors at a landscape level.
Natural Resources Defense Council: Global Warming
The well-respected environmental action organization offers literature on the causes and consequences of global warming, and on possible solutions.
Resources for the Future: Climate Change
Resources for the Future is a nonprofit and nonpartisan organization that conducts independent research in economics and other social sciences, on environmental, energy, natural resource and environmental health issues.