Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
In addition to supervising the executive departments and the Federal agencies, the President of the United States functions as a lawmaker in his own right. He can issue Executive Orders and Proclamations and Reorganization Plans, all of which have legal effect. He publishes these and other communications in several documents, including the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents (Legal Periodical Collection - Deck 4) and the Public Papers of the President (J80 .A28 - Law Collection - Deck 4).
Executive Orders are generally issued by the President to direct and govern the business and activities of government agencies whereas Proclamations are announcements of policy or matters requiring public notice. Both are numbered consecutively in their respective sequence.
Executive Orders can be located in the following, chronologically organized, sources:
United States Code Congressional and Administrative News
United States Code Annotated, Statutory Supplement (advance sheets)
Compilation of Presidential Documents
Now published daily, until January 9, 2009, the Compilation of Presidential Documents was published weekly, each Monday, and contains statements, messages and other Presidential materials released during the preceding week. Each issue contains an Index of Contents for that issue, which organizes the content by addresses and remarks made publicly, remarks made at bill signings, communications to Congress, communications to specific Federal agencies, news media interviews, remarks made at meetings with foreign leaders, executive orders, and proclamations.
Among the supplementary materials included in each issue are a list of acts approved by the President, a checklist of White House press releases, a chronological digest of White House announcements and a list of nominations submitted to the Senate. Indices by name and subject are provided annually.
HeinOnline's Federal Register Library features searchable, online access to the Federal Register from its inception in 1936 to the present. It also offers access to the Compilation of Presidential Documents from the first volume of 1965 to the present.
Public Papers of the Presidents
The Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, publishes hardcover printed volumes entitled The Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States. This series includes volumes covering the administrations of Presidents Hoover, Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, and Bush, as well as President William J. Clinton. These are housed in the Law Collection at J80 .A28.
Each Public Papers volume contains the papers and speeches of the President of the United States that were issued by the Office of the Press Secretary during the specified time period. The material is presented in chronological order, and the dates shown in the headings are the dates of the documents or events. In instances when the release date differs from the date of the document itself, that fact is shown in the text note.
The appendixes in each Public Papers volume provide listings of the President's daily schedule and meetings, when announced, and other items of general interest issued by the Office of the Press Secretary; the President's nominations submitted to the Senate; materials released by the Office of the Press Secretary that are not printed full-text in the book; and proclamations, executive orders, and other Presidential documents released by the Office of the Press Secretary and published in the Federal Register.