About the Interior Board of Indian Appeals


Filing Documents with IBIA During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Due to regulatory requirements, IBIA cannot extend the deadline for filing a notice of appeal.  In addition, a notice of appeal cannot be filed with IBIA electronically; you must follow the applicable regulations for filing the notice of appeal.  

If you seek an extension of time to file a document other than a notice of appeal, then you may file a motion with IBIA consistent with 43 C.F.R. § 4.310(d). 

Before filing any motion with IBIA, the party filing the motion should consult, or attempt to consult, with the other interested parties and report in the motion whether the other interested parties concur in the motion. 

IBIA may authorize the electronic filing (by fax or email) of certain documents, including requests for extension, but you must first contact IBIA and obtain its permission to file the particular document electronically.  Before requesting authorization from IBIA, you are encouraged to contact all other interested parties to seek their written consent to receive service electronically.  Any document filed by fax or email without permission will not be accepted

Inquiries to IBIA During the COVID-19 Pandemic

IBIA is checking the office voicemail throughout the business day.  Callers should state their name, phone number, and case identifying information such as the case name and docket number.  Alternatively, inquiries may be sent by email to ibia@oha.doi.gov.

The Interior Board of Indian Appeals (IBIA) is an appellate review body that exercises the delegated authority of the Secretary of the Interior to issue final decisions for the Department of the Interior in appeals involving Indian matters. Located within the Department's Office of Hearings and Appeals, IBIA is separate and independent from the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) and the Assistant Secretary - Indian Affairs.

Through a two-person panel of administrative judges, IBIA has the authority to consider the following types of cases:

  • Appeals from a variety of decisions rendered by BIA officials, including but not limited to decisions regarding the use of Indian trust lands (e.g., lease approval, enforcement, cancellation, and rental rate adjustment); the use of mineral resources; conveyances of rights-of-way on Indian lands; land sales, exchanges, or other encumbrances; trespass; taking land into trust; and disputes over the recognition of tribal officials for government-to-government relations between the Department and a tribe;
  • Requests to reconsider final decisions of the Assistant Secretary to acknowledge, or decline to acknowledge, a group as an Indian tribe, issued under 25 C.F.R. Part 83 (2014);
  • Appeals from Indian probate decisions of administrative law judges and Indian probate judges in OHA's Probate Hearings Division;
  • Appeals from White Earth Reservation Land Settlement Act heirship determinations of an administrative judge in OHA's Hearings Division;
  • Appeals from decisions of agency officials and administrative law judges in cases under the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act; and
  • Other appeals as provided by regulation or matters referred to IBIA by the Secretary, the Assistant Secretary, or the Director of OHA.

IBIA is headed by a Chief Administrative Judge. Its decisions are final for the Department and may be appealed to the United States district courts.

Contact Information

Interior Board of Indian Appeals
Office of Hearings and Appeals
U.S. Department of the Interior
801 N. Quincy Street, Suite 300
Arlington, VA 22203
703-235-3816 (voice)
703-235-3199 (facsimile)


Thomas A. Blaser, Chief Administrative Judge
Kenneth A. Dalton, Administrative Judge
James A. Maysonett, Administrative Judge
Cailan D. Remedios, Docket Attorney
Pamela J. Eichhorn, Paralegal Specialist
Aimee Oberti-Murray, Legal Assistant


About IBIA
Finding IBIA Decisions
Indian Self-Determination Act
Procedural Regulations for Cases before the Interior Board of Indian Appeals
IBIA Jurisdiction
FAQs on Practice before IBIA
Finding Pre-IBIA Decisions



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