Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
STATEMENT FOR THE RECORD, NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, BEFORE THE HOUSE SUBCOMMITTEE ON PUBLIC LANDS AND ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION OF THE NATURAL RESOURCES COMMITTEE, CONCERNING H.R. 1846, TO AMEND THE ACT ESTABLISHING THE LOWER EAST SIDE TENEMENT NATIONAL HISTORIC SITE, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.
OCTOBER 3, 2013
Mr. Chairman, thank you for the opportunity to present the Department of the Interior's views on H.R. 1846, to amend the Act establishing the Lower East Side Tenement National Historic Site, and for other purposes.
The Department supports enactment of H.R. 1846 with technical amendments. This bill would add a nearby property to the Lower East Side Tenement National Historic Site.
The Lower East Side Tenement at 97 Orchard Street in New York City was designated a national historic site and made an “affiliated site” of the National Park System on November 12, 1998 (Public Law 105-378). The Lower East Side Tenement is owned and operated by the Lower East Side Tenement Museum, a nonprofit organization. Similar to many other affiliated areas of the National Park Service, the Lower East Side Tenement National Historic Site receives financial and technical assistance from the National Park Service, as authorized by law.
After being shuttered for over 50 years, the property at 97 Orchard Street was carefully restored by the museum to depict the lives of immigrants who lived in the five-story tenement between 1869 and 1935. The Lower East Side Tenement is the continuation of the story of the experience of immigrants after they arrived in the United States. It explains what happened once after they were processed at Ellis Island and, before that, at Castle Clinton. Many immigrants lived in dwellings in New York's Lower East Side similar to 97 Orchard Street. The museum's efforts to expand the stories it tells to include the contemporary immigrant experience from 1935 to the present will complement the interpretive work the National Park Service is doing at the Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island, and Castle Clinton.
H.R. 1846 would revise the national historic site's 1998 designation to include 103 Orchard Street, which the museum purchased in 2007 to serve as a visitor center and provide exhibition and classroom space. The 2006 General Management Plan that the National Park Service prepared for the national historic site identified the need for improved administrative functions and visitor services that would be addressed by adding a property to the site. The bill would not provide any funding authority beyond that which current law already provides.
We recommend that the committee amend the bill to make some technical corrections to the findings contained in Section 2 to provide greater accuracy. We would be happy to work with the committee on these recommended amendments.