Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
National Landscape Conservation System and Community Partnerships
Bureau of Land Management
Department of the Interior
House Natural Resources Committee
Subcommittee on Public Lands and Environmental Regulation
H.R. 1411, California Coastal National Monument Expansion Act
May 9, 2013
Thank you for the invitation to testify on H.R. 1411, the California Coastal National Monument Expansion Act.The Department of the Interior supports H.R. 1411, which would add approximately 1,255 acres of public land along the coast of northern California to the existing California Coastal National Monument managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).
The coast of northern California is rugged and spectacular.Along the Mendocino County portion of that coast, the BLM manages 1,255 acres, including over two miles of coastline and the estuary of the Garcia River, adjacent to the historic Point Arena Lighthouse.In 2004, over 1,100 of these acres, commonly known as the Stornetta Public Lands, were acquired by the Federal government, through donation, to be managed by the BLM.In early 2012 the BLM acquired approximately 123 acres of additional lands from the Cyprus Abbey Corporation through a combination of donation and acquisition using funds from the Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF).The BLM expects to complete the remaining Cyprus Abbey acquisition later this year with the acquisition of an additional 409 acres.The President's budget for FY 2014 includes a request for LWCF funding of an additional $2 million to acquire the two remaining private inholdings from willing sellers.
This relatively small area contains significant natural resources, including several riparian corridors, extensive wetlands, pine forests, meadows, coastal prairie and sand dunes.A broad range of wildlife, including a number of threatened or endangered species such as the Point Arena mountain beaver, Behren's silverspot butterfly, the western snowy plover and the California red-legged frog live in this diverse habitat.Dramatic blow holes and waterfalls cascading into the sea complement these natural resources.
Extensive cultural resources attest to a history of occupation of this site going back at least 9,000 years.Up until the early 19th century, it was home to the Bokeya Pomo people whose village sat at the mouth of the Garcia River.Today, the Manchester Band of Pomo Indians partners with the BLM to conserve and protect the resource values on these lands.
In addition, there are many recreational opportunities in the area which provide significant value for the local economy.The Garcia River is a destination fishing site, and the coastal areas offer marine wildlife viewing, including gray and blue whales, seals, sea lions, and river otters.The adjacent Point Arena Lighthouse, operated by the nonprofit Point Arena Lighthouse Keepers, welcomes over 30,000 visitors annually.These visitors frequent the tidepools and beaches on the adjacent public lands.
The BLM currently manages these lands to protect their important natural, cultural, and historic resources.The BLM works cooperatively with a number of key partners, including the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, both the California Departments of Parks and Recreation and Department of Fish and Wildlife, the Manchester Band of Pomo Indians, Mendocino County, the City of Point Arena, the Point Arena Lighthouse Keepers, the Wildlife Conservation Board, the California Coastal Conservancy, the Conservation Lands Foundation, the Trust for Public Lands, the Stornetta Brothers Coastal Ranch, Coastwalk California, the National Audubon Society, and the California Native Plant Society among others.
H.R. 1411 would add approximately 1,255 acres of Federal land (the "Point Arena-Stornetta public lands") managed by the BLM to the existing California Coastal National Monument, which was established by Presidential Proclamation on January 11, 2000.The California Coastal National Monument includes all unappropriated and unreserved Federal lands within 12 miles of the California shoreline.Over 20,000 small islands, rocks, exposed reefs, and pinnacles (totaling about 1,000 acres of land) constitute this offshore monument along California's 1,100 miles of coastline, providing unique habitats for breeding seabirds and marine mammals.
The addition of the Point Arena-Stornetta public lands to the California Coastal National Monument will promote the continued conservation, protection, and restoration of these significant public lands.By establishing a mainland base for access and interpretation of the existing monument, this addition will enhance the public enjoyment and understanding of the entire California Coastal National Monument.The BLM will continue to work with its many local partners encouraging public access to and appreciation of those resources.Local and national support for this addition is considerable and significant, a testament to the importance of the area
Thank you for the opportunity to testify in support of H.R. 1411.We look forward to the addition of the Point Arena-Stornetta public lands to the California Coastal National Monument.