Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Seasoned backpacker and adventurer Yang Lu earned the grand prize in the 2015 Share the Experience photo contest with this image of a sunburst captured at sunrise in Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah. Yang has made the outdoors part of his daily life and finds deep connection to the land through his lens.
“My photography is not just for recreation, it is to inspire people to explore these areas." -- Yang Lu
Photo by Yang Lu (www.sharetheexperience.org).
STATEMENT OF DR. HERBERT C. FROST, ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR, NATURAL RESOURCE STEWARDSHIP AND SCIENCE, NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, BEFORE THE HOUSE SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL PARKS, FORESTS AND PUBLIC LANDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON NATURAL RESOURCES CONCERNING H.R. 1162, A BILL TO PROVIDE THE QUILEUTE INDIAN TRIBE TSUNAMI AND FLOOD PROTECTION, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
SEPTEMBER 15, 2011
Mr. Chairman, thank you for the opportunity to appear before you today to present the Department of the Interior's views on H.R. 1162, a bill to provide the Quileute Indian Tribe tsunami and flood protection, and for other purposes.
The Department supports H.R. 1162with a technical correction. The legislation would make available to the Quileute Indian Tribe 785 acres of land currently within the boundary of Olympic National Park in order to facilitate the Tribe's move to new lands on higher ground, away from the frequent flooding and the tsunami risk that the Tribe currently must contend with. The legislation also seeks to protect the natural resources of the land removed from the park, to encourage agreements between the National Park Service and the Tribe on matters related to the land, and to designate approximately 4,100 acres of Olympic National Park as Wilderness.
The Quileute Indian Tribe is a small, federally-recognized Tribe in the State of Washington. The Quileute Indian Reservation, established in 1889, is located on the Olympic Peninsula along the Pacific Ocean. The reservation is bordered to the north by the Quillayute River and to the east and south by Olympic National Park. It consists of approximately 880 acres and is home to about 375 residents. Most of the reservation islocated within the flood zone and much of the tribal infrastructure, including their administrative buildings, school, elder center, and housing is within the tsunami zone. Recent tsunamis in the Pacific Ocean, including the one that struck Japan on March 11, 2011, clearly demonstrate the risk faced by the Tribe and the need to move housing and infrastructure inland.
The 785 acres of land within Olympic National Park that would be held in trust for the Tribe under H.R. 1162 are in two parcels. The northern parcel, known as the Northern Lands, is comprised of approximately 510 acres along the south side of the Quillayute River. These lands contain the area that has historically been referred to as Thunder Field.A 275-acre parcel, 220 acres of which are designated wilderness, lies immediately south of the current reservation boundary. There are no park-owned facilities or trails in this area, and there are few opportunities for park visitors.
In addition to providing for the 785 acres to be held in trust by the United States for the benefit of the Quileute Indian Tribe, and excluding this land from the boundary of Olympic National Park, H.R. 1162 also would:
designate approximately 4,100 acres of new wilderness within Olympic National Park as additions to the existing Olympic Wilderness;
provide for placing in trust for the benefit of the Tribe approximately 184 acres of non-Federal land that the Tribe has recently acquired;
express the intent of Congress regarding preservation, protection and alteration of the 785 acres, and cooperative efforts between the National Park Service and the Tribe;
provide specific restrictions on the use of the 785 acres in order to protect the land's resources; and
provide for continued public access and use of park and tribal lands at Second Beach, Rialto Beach, and along the Quillayute and Dickey Rivers.
The National Park Service has worked collaboratively with the Tribe over many years to address these issues. As such, the Department supports H.R. 1162 and its balance of tribal safety with protection of park resources and visitor access.
Mr. Chairman, this concludes my statement. I would be pleased to respond to any questions you or the other members of the subcommittee may have.
NPS Technical Correction to H.R. 1162
Delete page 5 lines 11-17This text is an earlier draft of the correct text now found on page 6, line 15 through page 7 line 3.