Mercury's surface in "enhanced color," a color scheme created to emphasize color differences. This is not what Mercury would look like to the human eye, but by applying mathematical analysis to images, color differences can be accentuated beyond those visible to a person.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
STATEMENT OF DR. HERBERT C. FROST, ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR, NATURAL RESOURCE STEWARDSHIP AND SCIENCE, NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, BEFORE THE HOUSE SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL PARKS, FORESTS AND PUBLIC LANDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON NATURAL RESOURCES CONCERNING H.R. 1162, A BILL TO PROVIDE THE QUILEUTE INDIAN TRIBE TSUNAMI AND FLOOD PROTECTION, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
SEPTEMBER 15, 2011
Mr. Chairman, thank you for the opportunity to appear before you today to present the Department of the Interior's views on H.R. 1162, a bill to provide the Quileute Indian Tribe tsunami and flood protection, and for other purposes.
The Department supports H.R. 1162with a technical correction. The legislation would make available to the Quileute Indian Tribe 785 acres of land currently within the boundary of Olympic National Park in order to facilitate the Tribe's move to new lands on higher ground, away from the frequent flooding and the tsunami risk that the Tribe currently must contend with. The legislation also seeks to protect the natural resources of the land removed from the park, to encourage agreements between the National Park Service and the Tribe on matters related to the land, and to designate approximately 4,100 acres of Olympic National Park as Wilderness.
The Quileute Indian Tribe is a small, federally-recognized Tribe in the State of Washington. The Quileute Indian Reservation, established in 1889, is located on the Olympic Peninsula along the Pacific Ocean. The reservation is bordered to the north by the Quillayute River and to the east and south by Olympic National Park. It consists of approximately 880 acres and is home to about 375 residents. Most of the reservation islocated within the flood zone and much of the tribal infrastructure, including their administrative buildings, school, elder center, and housing is within the tsunami zone. Recent tsunamis in the Pacific Ocean, including the one that struck Japan on March 11, 2011, clearly demonstrate the risk faced by the Tribe and the need to move housing and infrastructure inland.
The 785 acres of land within Olympic National Park that would be held in trust for the Tribe under H.R. 1162 are in two parcels. The northern parcel, known as the Northern Lands, is comprised of approximately 510 acres along the south side of the Quillayute River. These lands contain the area that has historically been referred to as Thunder Field.A 275-acre parcel, 220 acres of which are designated wilderness, lies immediately south of the current reservation boundary. There are no park-owned facilities or trails in this area, and there are few opportunities for park visitors.
In addition to providing for the 785 acres to be held in trust by the United States for the benefit of the Quileute Indian Tribe, and excluding this land from the boundary of Olympic National Park, H.R. 1162 also would:
designate approximately 4,100 acres of new wilderness within Olympic National Park as additions to the existing Olympic Wilderness;
provide for placing in trust for the benefit of the Tribe approximately 184 acres of non-Federal land that the Tribe has recently acquired;
express the intent of Congress regarding preservation, protection and alteration of the 785 acres, and cooperative efforts between the National Park Service and the Tribe;
provide specific restrictions on the use of the 785 acres in order to protect the land's resources; and
provide for continued public access and use of park and tribal lands at Second Beach, Rialto Beach, and along the Quillayute and Dickey Rivers.
The National Park Service has worked collaboratively with the Tribe over many years to address these issues. As such, the Department supports H.R. 1162 and its balance of tribal safety with protection of park resources and visitor access.
Mr. Chairman, this concludes my statement. I would be pleased to respond to any questions you or the other members of the subcommittee may have.
NPS Technical Correction to H.R. 1162
Delete page 5 lines 11-17This text is an earlier draft of the correct text now found on page 6, line 15 through page 7 line 3.