Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
ACTING ASSISTANT DIRECTOR, BUSINESS SERVICES, NATIONAL PARK SERVICE,
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,
BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL PARKS, FORESTS AND PUBLIC LANDS,
COMMITTEE ON NATURAL RESOURCES,
CONCERNING H. RES. 807 HONORING THE LIFE OF
MARJORY STONEMAN DOUGLAS,
CHAMPION OF THE FLORIDA EVERGLADES
AND FOUNDER OF FLORIDA'S ENVIRONMENTAL MOVEMENT.
MARCH 6, 2008
Mr. Chairman and members of the subcommittee, thank you for the opportunity to present the views of the Department of the Interior on H. Res. 807, a resolution honoring the life of Marjory Stoneman Douglas, champion of the Florida Everglades and founder of Florida's environmental movement.
The Department has no position on H. Res. 807, since this resolution expresses the views of the House of Representatives and will not be enacted into law. We acknowledge the significant role Marjory Stoneman Douglas played in advocating for the protection of the natural and cultural values of the Everglades Region, which lead to the establishment of Everglades National Park, the largest subtropical wilderness in the United States. Everglades National Park protects an area with a mosaic of habitats which support an assemblage of plants and animals found nowhere else on the planet.
Marjory Stoneman Douglas was a key figure who influenced National Park Service history through leadership, understanding and environmental advocacy. She authored The Everglades: River of Grass and founded Friends of the Everglades. These serve as testaments to her commitment for greater public awareness and understanding of the challenges society faces in protecting the Everglades ecosystem, which transcends political boundaries, and is a unique and critical resource to both local and international peoples. Peoples of the world recognize and affirm the significance of her pioneering environmental actions; these actions subsequently led to Everglades National Park being designated as an International Biosphere Reserve, a World Heritage Site and Wetland of International Importance.
That concludes my testimony, I would be glad to answer any questions that you or other members of the subcommittee may have.