Mercury's surface in "enhanced color," a color scheme created to emphasize color differences. This is not what Mercury would look like to the human eye, but by applying mathematical analysis to images, color differences can be accentuated beyond those visible to a person.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR FOR VISITOR AND RESOURCE PROTECTION, NATIONAL PARK SERVICE,
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,
BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL PARKS, FORESTS, AND PUBLIC LANDS
OF THE HOUSE COMMITTEE ON NATURAL RESOURCES,
CONCERNING H.R. 3265,
TO AUTHORIZE THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR
TO CONDUCT A SPECIAL RESOURCE STUDY
OF THE HARRY S TRUMAN BIRTHPLACE STATE HISTORIC SITE IN LAMAR, MISSOURI
October 30, 2007
Mr. Chairman, thank you for the opportunity to present the views of the Department of the Interior on H.R. 3265, a bill to authorize the Secretary of the Interior to conduct a special resource study to determine the suitability and feasibility of including the Harry S Truman Birthplace State Historic Site in Lamar, Missouri, as part of Harry S Truman National Historic Site or as a separate unit of the National Park System.
The Department does not object to the enactment of H.R. 3265. However, we believe that priority should be given to the 35 previously authorized studies for potential units of the National Park System, potential new National Heritage Areas, and potential additions to the National Trails System and National Wild and Scenic River System that have not yet been transmitted to the Congress.
H.R. 3265 authorizes the Secretary to conduct a special resource study of the Harry S Truman Birthplace State Historic Site, which would provide alternatives for the appropriate way to preserve, to protect, and to interpret these sites and resources in consultation with other Federal, State, or local governmental entities, private and nonprofit organizations or any other interested individuals. Those alternatives would examine whether the area could be included as a new unitof the National Park System, as part of the Harry S Truman National Historic Site, or determine if the Federal government is the most appropriate entity to manage the site. The study also would identify the costs associated with the acquisition, development, interpretation, operation, and maintenance associated with the alternatives. Studies of this type take approximately three years to complete after funds are made available. We estimate the cost to complete the study would be approximately $250,000 to $300,000.
President Harry S Truman was born in the small, white frame house in Lamar, Missouri on May 8, 1884. The Truman family lived there until March 3, 1885 and then sold the property and moved to Harrisonville when Harry was approximately 11 months old. The site was purchased by the United Auto Workers of America in 1957 and given to the people of Missouri. The house has been restored and redecorated to reflect the time period when the Trumans occupied the residence. President Truman last visited the site on April 19, 1959, the day the site was dedicated and officially opened to the public. The birthplace is currently a State Historic Site operated and maintained by the Division of Parks and Recreation of the State of Missouri. Besides the house, there is a woodshed, or smokehouse, a hand-dug, 36-foot deep cistern, and a privy in the back on the site. There is also an information station and sales outlet facility at the site.
The Harry S Truman National Historic Site operates two units, the Truman Home in Independence and the Truman Farm Home in Grandview, from the operational center in Independence. The birthplace site in Lamar is approximately 120 miles one way from the national historic site in Independence. Mr. Truman's birth in Lamar is currently being included in interpretive programs at both the Truman Home and the Truman Farm Home as part of the larger Truman story.
That concludes my testimony. I would be happy to answer any questions you or other members of the subcommittee may have.