Mercury's surface in "enhanced color," a color scheme created to emphasize color differences. This is not what Mercury would look like to the human eye, but by applying mathematical analysis to images, color differences can be accentuated beyond those visible to a person.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Secretary Salazar Calls for Greater Promotion and Utilization of Historic Preservation Tax Incentives Program to Maximize Opportunities for Restoration, Economic Revitalization
Office of the Secretary
Program has promoted economic growth, generated billions in private investment, and helped create 2.2 million jobs in communities across the country
DETROIT, MI – Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar today asked the National Park Service to conduct an internal review of the highly successful Federal Historic Preservation Tax Incentives Program to ensure that it is maximizing opportunities to use historic preservation to promote economic development and revitalization of communities, especially in urban areas.
“Preserving and restoring historic buildings has the potential to breathe life into local communities and their economies,” Salazar said at a meeting in Detroit that included economic development, real estate and design professionals and other stakeholders. “The Federal Historic Preservation Tax Incentives Program is the largest and most effective federal program specifically supporting historic preservation, and we want to make sure that we are doing everything we can to work in partnership with local communities, developers and other stakeholders to provide guidance and promote restoration efforts.”
The program, administered by the National Park Service and the Internal Revenue Service in partnership with State Historic Preservation Offices, provides a 20 percent tax credit to developers who undertake a substantial rehabilitation of a historic building while maintaining its historic character.
Since its inception in 1976, it has supported more than 39,000 approved projects and generated $66 billion in private investment in the rehabilitation of income-producing properties. These projects have created more than 2.2 million jobs. These jobs have tended to be local, and more high skilled and higher paying than new construction.
Salazar has asked Director of the National Park Service Jonathan B. Jarvis and Associate Director of Cultural Resources Dr. Stephanie Toothman to examine the program with a view to strengthen partnerships with local communities and State Historic Preservation Offices. The review will also look at ways the National Park Service can better promote the program to broaden the public's understanding of its benefits and eligibility requirements.
“I think too few people realize this program's ability to strengthen communities and create jobs,” said Director Jarvis. “As we approach the 50th anniversary of the National Historic Preservation Act, this program review will help ensure that we are being effective in promoting the program's opportunities and working directly with the stakeholders with whom it benefits.”
Across the country, the program has helped revive abandoned or underutilized schools, warehouses, factories, churches, retail stores, apartments, hotels, houses, agricultural buildings and offices. It also supports community revitalization, job creation, affordable housing, small businesses, farms and Main Street development, among other economic benefits.
The incentive program is especially valuable in economically depressed area. Properties in the program often have been vacant for years, or even decades, and are in highly deteriorated condition. The majority of tax credit projects are in depressed areas; in fact, a recent analysis for Fiscal Year 2002 to Fiscal Year 2008 indicated that about two-thirds of all projects were in areas at or below 80 percent of median family income.
“When we work together with local communities, non-profit organizations, developers and other partners to restore old building that are rundown or vacant, we not only help preserve our national heritage but we also begin the process of transforming depressed neighborhoods and helping them realize their full economic potential,” Salazar said.
Secretary Salazar was joined at today's stakeholder meeting in Detroit by Senator Carl Levin, Federal Housing Administration Commissioner Carol Galante, Michigan State Historic Preservation Officer Brian Conway, and Michigan State Housing Development Authority Director Scott Woosley.
In Detroit, the Federal Historic Preservation Tax Incentives program has supported 70 projects since 2000, representing over a half billion dollars in private investment. Today's meeting was held at the Odd Fellows Building, which was rehabilitated in 2006 by the Southwest Detroit Business Association with the help of historic tax credits. The building was structurally unsound, without a roof, and close to being demolished when the association acquired it.