Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Secretary of the Interior Appoints 13 Members to National Geospatial Advisory Committee
Office of the Secretary
WASHINGTON, DC – Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar has appointed 13 professionals to serve as members of the National Geospatial Advisory Committee (NGAC), which provides recommendations on federal geospatial policy and management issues and advice on development of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI).
The NSDI promotes sharing of geospatial data throughout all levels of government, the private and non-profit sectors, and the academic community.
"We are pleased to welcome this distinguished set of new members to the National Geospatial Advisory Committee,” said Anne Castle, Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Water and Science, who serves as Chair of the FGDC. “The NGAC's inclusion of a broad range of perspectives, governmental, tribal, private sector, and academic, enables it to provide valuable advice to federal agencies on the most pressing geospatial issues, and helps us make better progress toward our goal of seamless integration and accessibility of geospatial data.”
Secretary Salazar also appointed Dr. Robert Austin, Enterprise Applications Integration Manager for the City of Tampa, Florida, to serve as the Chair of the NGAC. The NGAC includes up to 30 members, selected to generally achieve a balanced representation of the varied interests associated with geospatial programs and technology. NGAC members are appointed to serve staggered terms on the committee. The new appointees to three-year terms on the NGAC are:
Dr. Robert F. Austin, City of Tampa, FL, Chair (reappointed to a second term)
Mr. Talbot J. Brooks, Delta State University, MS
Dr. Keith Clarke, University of California, Santa Barbara
Mr. Steve Coast, Microsoft Corporation
Mr. David DiSera, EMA, Inc. (reappointed to a second term)
Mr. Matthew Gentile, Deloitte Financial Advisory Services, LLP
Mr. Frank Harjo, Muscogee (Creek) Nation
Mr. Michael Jones, Google, Inc.
Mr. Jack H. Maguire, County of Lexington, SC
Dr. Carolyn J. Merry, The Ohio State University
Mr. Roger Mitchell, MDA Information Systems, Inc.
Dr. Michele Motsko, U.S. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
Dr. Douglas Richardson, Association of American Geographers
The members of the NGAC report to the chair of the Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC), which is the Federal interagency executive group responsible for providing leadership and direction in Federal geospatial programs.
The NGAC meets three to four times per year. The public is invited to comment and make suggestions at all committee meetings, which will be announced by publication in the Federal Register at least 15 days before the meeting date. The U.S. Geological Survey, a bureau of the Department of the Interior, provides support services for the NGAC. The NGAC functions solely as an advisory body.
The NGAC was created under the Federal Advisory Committee Act, enacted by Congress in 1972 to ensure that advice rendered to the executive branch by advisory committees, task forces, boards, and commissions formed by Congress and the President, be both objective and accessible to the public. The Act formalized a process for establishing, operating, overseeing, and terminating these advisory bodies.
Additional information about the NGAC, including a complete list of the committee members, is available at www.fgdc.gov/ngac.