Mercury's surface in "enhanced color," a color scheme created to emphasize color differences. This is not what Mercury would look like to the human eye, but by applying mathematical analysis to images, color differences can be accentuated beyond those visible to a person.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
“By stabilizing marshes and beaches, restoring wetlands, and improving the resilience of coastal areas, we not only create opportunities for people to connect with nature and support jobs through increased outdoor recreation, but we can also provide an effective buffer that protects local communities from powerful storm surges and devastating floods when a storm like Sandy hits,” said Jewell. "In cooperation with the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, this competitive grant program will fund innovative projects by States, local communities, tribes, non-profit organizations and other partners to rebuild, restore, and research these natural areas along the Atlantic Coast.”
The grant program will be administered by the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, which will begin accepting proposals today. More information regarding the program is available online HERE.
Jewell made the announcement with U.S. Senator Tim Kaine, U.S. Representative Jim Moran, and other local officials at National Park Service's Dyke Marsh Wildlife Preserve, where a $24.9 million project Jewell announced last week will restore wetlands that are currently retreating 6 to 8 feet each year due to erosion. It is one of 45 restoration and research projects to restore marshes, wetlands and beaches, rebuilding shorelines, and researching the impacts and modeling mitigation of storm surge impacts.
Dyke Marsh once encompassed more than 200 acres of emergent marshland, but sand and gravel-mining operations between 1940 and 1972 reduced the marsh to only 83 acres. The mining operations destabilized the marsh's historic configuration, and since 1972 another 23 additional acres have been lost to erosion resulting from hurricanes and northeastern tracking storms. Today, fewer than 60 acres remain.
“Dyke Marsh is the largest remaining freshwater tidal marsh in the Washington metropolitan area, providing rich wildlife habitat outdoor recreational opportunities, and critical flood protection for the neighboring community,” said Jewell. “With each major storm, we see more and more destabilization and erosion, which threatens both the local community it helps protect and the outdoor recreation it supports. This funding will allow the National Park Service and its partners to reconstruct the marsh and make it more resilient when big storms roll in.”
The $25 million will be used to design a peninsula and to construct 13 containment cells that will be filled with donated dredge spoil material, allowing vegetation to be planted that will re-establish more than 150 acres of marsh wetland. Youth and veteran volunteers and contractors will be used on the project.
The project will protect and restore one of the most popular areas on the George Washington Memorial Parkway, which attracted 7.4 million recreational visits in 2011. These visitors pumped $34 million into the local economy and supported 50 jobs.
The funding is part of $162 million Jewell announced last Thursday for restoration and resiliency projects under the Hurricane Sandy Supplemental Appropriations Act. This includes $113 million for 25 on-the-ground projects to restore coastal marshes and shoreline, create habitat connectivity, improve flood resilience and undertake other efforts to protect nearby areas from future storms.
Another $45 million will fund assessments, modeling, coastal barrier mapping, and other research to improve the ability to mitigate and reduce the impacts of powerful storms.
The investments are consistent with President Obama's Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force Strategy Report and the Administration's commitment laid out in the Climate Action Plan to build resilience by restoring natural features along shorelines to help better protect communities from future storms. The Department of the Interior has already invested $480 million in Hurricane Sandy response and recovery efforts since the storm hit last October.