Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
A Government Publishing Office (GPO) Billing Address Code (BAC) is a 6-digit alphanumeric code that identifies the agency/bureau and the unit's mailing address for billing documents for all GPO orders.
A BAC, assigned by GPO, is required when requesting printing, binding, and related services via a Standard Form 1 (SF-1), "Printing and Binding Requisition," when placing a GPO print order on a Term Contract using form GPO-2511, "Print Order," and when placing an order on the Small Purchase Agreement Program (SPA) using form 4044, "Work Order. The BAC identifies the mailing address of the agency/bureau responsible for ordering the GPO service.
Starting FY2015 (October 1, 2014) the Department of the Interior will be migrating to new BAC's to improve our management of outdated accounts, and streamline issuance of new accounts. Each bureau has been assigned a 4-digit prefix, to allow quick identification of each respective BAC account. The last two digits will be assigned at the time of issuance by GPO.
1. IPACs will be limited to just numerical combinations, excluding the double digit combos for Deposit Accounts, there are 81 possible combinations. 2. Deposit Accounts will use double digit or double alpha characters to make them quickly identifiable, there are 33 possible combinations. GPO 3. Express accounts will be issued within a limited range of each bureau prefix, a alpha-number combination, there are 984 possible combinations.
We will not issue the letters "I" & "O" to avoid confusion with numerical BACs, thus that limits us down to just 1098 total possible combinations. The Publishing Council requires each bureau to go through your old BAC accounts and first deactivate any old accounts that you no longer need or have been inactive for more than two years.
During the transition to new BACs we will have old accounts active and new accounts open so there should be no interruption in service.
Note: AGPOExpressaccount may be linked to an IPAC, a deposit account, or established with a government charge card.
How to Establish a GPO BAC
In order for a Department agency/bureau/region/office to obtain a GPO BAC the GPO Form 4046 will need to be submitted with the following information:
• Method of Payment: Indicate which method of payment (IPAC or Non-IPAC) • Name of Requestor, Department or Agency name, Bureau/Office and full mailing address of the agency/bureau requesting the BAC, including the zip code, contact numbers, and email. • Finance Point-of-Contact information, including Contact person's name, address, contact numbers, and email. • For an IPAC BAC an Agency Location Code (ALC) should be furnished. This can be acquired from your finance or budget office. • For a deposit account please note in the "additional information" field on the 4046 how you wish to fund this account once established. (If funding via IPAC BAC transfer, please include an ALC.)
*If you need further guidance, please see these instructions.
After completing the form 4046, e-mail or fax it to your bureau's Printing Officer for review and approval. After approval the Printing Officer will make the official request to the proper GPO office for issuing a new GPO BAC. Once the new GPO BAC is established, GPO Commercial Billing will contact the agency/bureau within 3 business days with the information to begin using the new GPO BAC for their printing needs.