Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Emergency Support Function (ESF) #11 Protection of Natural and Cultural Resources and Historic Properties (NCH) participates in a variety of exercises throughout the year. The goals of these exercises are to gain valuable experience and lessons learned that can be applied in a true emergency. These exercises also serve to educate other participants about ESF #11 NCH and encourage consideration of natural and cultural resources in preparing for and responding to a disaster.
This page will be updated with information about exercises in which ESF #11 NCH has participated, as well as known upcoming training that may benefit NCH responders.
Liberty Radiological Exercise
The Liberty Radiological Exercise (Liberty RadEx) was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in April 2010. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sponsored the exercise which simulated a detonation of a Radiological Dispersion Device (RDD). Since the exercise began play 60 days after the detonation of the RDD, players could focus on recovery efforts directed toward the impacted area.
The exercise allowed ESF #11 NCH players and observers to experience how the program would fit into the response phase of a disaster, and learn the existing techniques for treating historic artifacts and buildings that are impacted by radiological contamination.