Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Emergency Support Function (ESF) #11 Protection of Natural and Cultural Resources and Historic Properties (NCH) participates in a variety of exercises throughout the year. The goals of these exercises are to gain valuable experience and lessons learned that can be applied in a true emergency. These exercises also serve to educate other participants about ESF #11 NCH and encourage consideration of natural and cultural resources in preparing for and responding to a disaster.
This page will be updated with information about exercises in which ESF #11 NCH has participated, as well as known upcoming training that may benefit NCH responders.
Liberty Radiological Exercise
The Liberty Radiological Exercise (Liberty RadEx) was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in April 2010. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sponsored the exercise which simulated a detonation of a Radiological Dispersion Device (RDD). Since the exercise began play 60 days after the detonation of the RDD, players could focus on recovery efforts directed toward the impacted area.
The exercise allowed ESF #11 NCH players and observers to experience how the program would fit into the response phase of a disaster, and learn the existing techniques for treating historic artifacts and buildings that are impacted by radiological contamination.