Mercury's surface in "enhanced color," a color scheme created to emphasize color differences. This is not what Mercury would look like to the human eye, but by applying mathematical analysis to images, color differences can be accentuated beyond those visible to a person.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
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With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Secretary Salazar Announces Kīlauea Point Lighthouse in Hawai'i to be Renamed in Honor of Senator Daniel Inouye
Office of the Secretary
Recognizes Senator's Distinguished Career, Commitment to Conservation in Hawai'i
WASHINGTON, D.C. -- Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar today announced the renaming of the Kīlauea Point Lighthouse on the island of Kaua'i in Hawai'i in honor of the late Senator Daniel Inouye. The action is in recognition of his distinguished career and longtime support of conservation in Hawai'i and, in particular, the Kīlauea Point National Wildlife Refuge. A formal ceremony to dedicate the Daniel K. Inouye Kīlauea Point Lighthouse will be held at the lighthouse on May 4, 2013.
“Senator Inouye is truly an American hero, from his courage on the battlefields of World War II to his long and distinguished career representing the people of Hawai'ian the U.S. Senate,” Salazar said. “His contribution to the American people will be forever memorialized on the lighthouse that stands as a monument to Hawai'i's colorful past. His legacy will continue to shine a light on the preservation and conservation of the island's wildlife and cultural heritage.”
A longtime advocate for conservation in Hawai'i, Inouye was a key supporter of the establishment of Kīlauea Point National Wildlife Refuge, a part of the Kaua'i National Wildlife Refuge Complex in 1985 after its transfer from the U.S. Coast Guard. Located two miles north of the town of Kīlauea, the refuge includes 203 acres of protected land and is one of the few Hawai'ian refuges open to the public. Kīlauea Point offers breathtaking views overlooking the Pacific, and attracts over 500,000 visitors annually.
“Senator Inouye served as a beacon of hope for conservation issues,” adds U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Director Dan Ashe. “His efforts included creation and reauthorization of the Coral Reef Conservation Act to protect the beautiful ecosystems of Hawai'i. Renaming the lighthouse is befitting of his lifelong work and contribution to the people of Hawaii and the conservation community.”
The late Senator Inouye's wife Irene Hirano Inouye said, “Dan placed a high priority in preserving pristine lands throughout Hawai'i to ensure that future generations are able to enjoy what we oftentimes take for granted. Dan and I visited the Kilauea Point Lighthouse a few years ago and were taken by the overwhelming community support for its preservation. It was a beautiful evening, and the success achieved is testament to what is possible when everyone pitches in. Dan's grandparents arrived on the island of Kaua'i at the turn of the 1900's to begin a new life. It is most fitting that the Department of the Interior's site which will bear his name is on the island where it all began."
Inouye became the nation's first Japanese-American congressman in 1959. Three years later he was elected to the U.S. Senate and eventually became the second longest-serving senator in American history.
“Dan Inouye dedicated his life to public service and was committed to ensuring the Kilauea Point National Wildlife Refuge had the resources it needed to guarantee its preservation,” said U.S. Senator Brian Schatz. “I thank Secretary Salazar and President Obama's administration for paying tribute to our giant in the United States Senate, and someone who was truly committed to conservation in Hawai'i and across the country.”
A World War II veteran, Senator Inouye received the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation's top military honor, for his bravery charging a series of machine gun nests in San Terenzo, Italy. He lost his arm in the assault.
“Senator Inouye was a humble leader who never sought recognition or praise for his work because he believed he was just doing his job,” said U.S. Representative Colleen Hanabusa. “He long understood the importance of this lighthouse, the integral role it played in Hawaii's history, helping sailors safely guide their ships to shore and aiding pilots making the first trans-Pacific flight to Honolulu, as well as its significance to Kauai's visitor industry and wildlife conservation efforts. Senator Inouye worked very hard throughout his career to secure funding for the site's maintenance and restoration. I am so very pleased that we will honor his legacy by renaming this iconic landmark, the Daniel K. Inouye Kilauea Point Lighthouse. We can never repay him for all he did for Hawai'i or his service to our nation, but I believe this is a fitting tribute to our beloved Senator.”
Kīlauea Point is the northernmost point of land on the inhabited Hawai'ian Islands. Dedicated in 1913, the Kīlauea Point Lighthouse has played a key role in orienting travelers between the West Coast to Honolulu and beyond. For 63 years, it guided ships and boats safely along Kaua'i's rugged north shore with its signature double-flash.
In 1976, the Coast Guard deactivated the lighthouse and replaced it with an automatic beacon. In 1979, the lighthouse was placed in the National Register of Historic Places, the official list of the nation's historic places worthy of preservation, which is maintained by the National Park Service. The lighthouse has recently been restored through the dedicated efforts of the Kīlauea Point Natural History Association, volunteers and refuge staff. The restoration will return the lighthouse to its original condition. On rare and special occasions, it still lights the sky above Kaua‘i.
For a picture of today's signing ceremony with Secretary Salazar and Mrs. Hirano Inouye, please click here.
More information on the lighthouse is available here.