Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Seasoned backpacker and adventurer Yang Lu earned the grand prize in the 2015 Share the Experience photo contest with this image of a sunburst captured at sunrise in Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah. Yang has made the outdoors part of his daily life and finds deep connection to the land through his lens.
“My photography is not just for recreation, it is to inspire people to explore these areas." -- Yang Lu
Photo by Yang Lu (www.sharetheexperience.org).
Secretary Jewell Announces Nomination of San Antonio Missions as World Heritage Site
Office of the Secretary
Would Join U.S. Sites Such as Yellowstone, the Grand Canyon, and the Statue of Liberty
Last edited 4/26/2016
WASHINGTON, DC – Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell today announced that the United States is nominating the San Antonio Missions, consisting of most of San Antonio Missions National Historical Park as well as the Alamo, for inclusion on the World Heritage List, which recognizes the most significant cultural and natural sites on the planet.
“World Heritage Sites represent an incredible opportunity for the United States to tell the world the whole story of America and the remarkable diversity of our people and beauty of our land,” Jewell said. “The San Antonio Missions represents a vital part of our nation's Latino heritage and the contributions of Latinos to the building of our country.”
Jewell credited former Secretary Ken Salazar, who visited San Antonio Missions in July 2012 to announce the department's intention to move forward with the nomination, for playing a key role in making it possible.
This nomination will be considered for inscription on the World Heritage List by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee in the summer of 2015. If approved by the World Heritage Committee, it would join the 21 sites in the U.S. already inscribed on the World Heritage List, which is listed below.
The UNESCO World Heritage List falls under the auspices of the World Heritage Convention, of which the United States was the prime architect. It is an international treaty for natural site conservation and cultural site preservation proposed by President Richard M. Nixon in 1972; the U.S. was the first nation to ratify it.
There are currently 981 sites in 160 of the 190 signatory countries. The list includes such iconic places as the Taj Mahal, Stonehenge and the Great Barrier Reef, as well as Yellowstone National Park, Grand Canyon National Park and the Statue of Liberty National Monument in the United States.
“World Heritage Sites draw visitors from around the world, providing not only prestige to local communities but also a boost to their economies,” Jewell noted.
The Department of the Interior is undertaking the nomination with the full cooperation and written support of all the property owners within the boundaries of the nominated area, including the National Park Service, the State of Texas, the Catholic Archdiocese of San Antonio, Bexar County, the City of San Antonio, the San Antonio River Authority, the Espada Ditch Company, the San Juan Ditch Water Supply Corporation, and Los Compadres de San Antonio Missions National Historical Park.
These owners, together with partner organizations, cooperated to prepare the nomination in consultation with the National Park Service's Office of International Affairs, the principal technical agency for the U.S. Government's participation in the Convention.
The nomination will be submitted through the U.S. Department of State to the offices of the World Heritage Centre in Paris, France. After reviews by World Heritage Centre staff and by the International Council for Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS), it will be considered for inscription on the World Heritage List by the World Heritage Committee, which is a rotating body of 21 nations elected from among the signatories of the World Heritage Convention.
Inscription as a World Heritage Site does not impose any legal restrictions on property owners or neighbors of sites, nor does it give the United Nations any management authority or ownership rights in U.S. World Heritage Sites, which continue to be subject only to existing federal and local laws. The agreement of the property owner is required by U.S. law in order for a site in this country to be nominated to the World Heritage List.
As previously announced, the Department of the Interior plans to revise the candidate list, or Tentative List of potential future U.S. World Heritage nominations, by 2016. Interested parties may suggest properties for consideration at any time.
For further information, please consult the National Park Service, Office of International Affairs website.
“The San Antonio Missions”
The San Antonio Missions are nominated under World Heritage cultural criteria (ii), (iii) and (iv) as the most complete and most intact example of the Spanish Crown's efforts to colonize, evangelize, and defend the northern frontier of New Spain during the period when Spain controlled the largest empire in the world. Situated along a 7.7-mile stretch of the San Antonio River, these five Spanish colonial mission complexes were built in the early eighteenth century. The missions' more than fifty standing structures, archaeological resources, and landscape features include labores, a rancho, residences, a grist mill, granaries, workshops, wells, lime kilns, churches, conventos, and perimeter walls for protection. The ensemble of missions includes extensive agricultural irrigation systems of acequias, dams, and an aqueduct.
The United States revised and resubmitted its World Heritage Tentative List in January of 2008; under the World Heritage Committee's Operational Guidelines, properties must be included on a country's Tentative List before they can be nominated.
There are 12 additional properties or groups of properties on the Tentative List. Of these, the “Monumental Earthworks of Poverty Point” in Louisiana was nominated last year and will be considered by the World Heritage Committee this summer; and a group of buildings designed by Frank Lloyd Wright has been authorized to prepare a nomination, which is now in development.
Decisions on the timing and sequence for future nominations will be made periodically by the Department, and will include an opportunity for public comment. More information on the World Heritage Program can be found here.
The current World Heritage Sites in the U.S, with the year of their inscription, are:
Wrangell-St. Elias and Glacier Bay National Parks and Preserves, with Kluane and Tatshenshini-Alsek National Parks and Reserve in Canada (1979)
Grand Canyon National Park (1979)
Redwoods State and National Parks (1980)
Yosemite National Park (1984)
Mesa Verde National Park (1978)
Everglades National Park (1979)
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park (1987)
Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument (2010)
Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site (1982)
Mammoth Cave National Park (1991)
Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park, jointly with Canada (1995)
NEW YORK / NEW JERSEY
Statue of Liberty National Monument (1984)
Carlsbad Caverns National Park (1995)
Chaco Culture National Historical Park (1987)
Taos Pueblo (1992)
NORTH CAROLINA / TENNESSEE
Great Smoky Mountains National Park (1983)
Independence Hall, part of Independence National Historical Park (1979)
Monticello and the University of Virginia (1987)
Olympic National Park (1981)
WYOMING / MONTANA / IDAHO
Yellowstone National Park (1978)
La Fortaleza-San Juan National Historical Site (1983)