Mercury's surface in "enhanced color," a color scheme created to emphasize color differences. This is not what Mercury would look like to the human eye, but by applying mathematical analysis to images, color differences can be accentuated beyond those visible to a person.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Migratory Bird Conservation Commission Approves $61 Million to Conserve 205,000 Acres of North American Wetlands
Office of the Secretary
Funding includes Expansion of Five National Wildlife Refuges in Texas, California, Louisiana
Last edited 4/26/2016
WASHINGTON -- The Migratory Bird Conservation Commission today approved $61.3 million in funding to protect, restore and enhance more than 205,000 acres of wetlands and associated uplands in the United States, Canada and Mexico.
“Conservation of our nation's wetlands is critical to protecting our wildlife, watersheds, coastal communities and important economic activities,” said Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell, chair of the commission. “Wetlands not only are home to hundreds of species of migratory birds, but they also provide us with clean water, act as buffers against storms, support our vibrant coastal fishing industries, and provide unique opportunities for outdoor recreation.”
The commission approved $54.7 million in grants through the North American Wetlands Conservation Act to protect, restore and enhance 200,069 acres of habitat for migratory birds in the United States, Mexico and Canada, leveraging an additional $92.6 million in matching funds.
The commission also approved nearly $6.6 million for fee and easement land acquisitions of 5,072 acres on five national wildlife refuges. The funds were raised largely through the sale of Federal Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamps, commonly known as “Duck Stamps.”
“These grants are critical to maintaining the health and vitality of America's wetlands and the abundance and variety of wildlife they support,” said Fish and Wildlife Service Director Dan Ashe. “Wetlands are particularly crucial to migratory birds all along their flyways. These grants will enable our partners in Canada, Mexico and the United States to protect and improve the quality of these habitats.”
The five commission-approved refuge projects are:
Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge, Chambers County, Texas. Boundary addition and price approval for a high-priority 1,227-acre tract for $1,718,200.
San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge, Brazoria County, Texas. Boundary addition and price approval for 30 acres for $138,500.
Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge, Liberty County, Texas. Boundary addition and price approval for 234 acres for $162,399.
Tulare Basin Wildlife Management Area, Kern and Tulare counties, California. Acquisition of 305 acres in easement for $782,000.
Upper Ouachita National Wildlife Refuge, Union and Morehouse parishes, Louisiana. Boundary addition of 18,711 acres and acquisition of 3,276 acres for $3,830,013. Additionally, the commission gave the green light for the potential future boundary expansion that would add 15,435 acres to that Refuge's acquisition boundary.
Examples of projects funded through the North American Wetlands Conservation Act include:
In North Dakota, the Chase Lake Area Wetland project will restore and enhance 43,785 acres to improve habitat for migratory waterfowl. Through this project, partners will protect wetland-associated uplands to provide essential nesting habitat for waterfowl and other species, and minimize the influx of sediments and pesticides into these wetland basins.
In Hawaii, the Upper Laupahoehoe Nui Watershed Reserve project will enhance 2,000 acres of wetlands for endangered seabird populations by removing invasive plants to promote the growth and establishment of native plant communities.
In the Canadian Prairie/Parkland and Western Boreal Forest, which support 72 percent of North America's breeding ducks, Ducks Unlimited Canada will protect 9,918 acres through land purchases and enhance an additional 3,438 acres by building wetlands infrastructure and converting vegetative cover.
In Tamaulipas, Mexico, the Enhancement of Wetland Habitat for Migratory Waterfowl on the Coastal Plain project will establish a hydraulic system to restore 1,609 acres of freshwater wetlands and work with landowners to protect these restored acres through conservation agreements.
The commission is chaired by the Secretary of the Interior. Its members include U.S. Senators Thad Cochran of Mississippi and Mark Pryor of Arkansas; U.S. Representatives John Dingell of Michigan and Robert Wittman of Virginia; and Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack and Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Gina McCarthy.
For every dollar spent on Federal Duck Stamps, 98 cents go directly to acquire vital habitat for protection in the National Wildlife Refuge System. The commission oversees the use of Federal Duck Stamp funds for the purchase and lease of wetland habitats for national wildlife refuges. To date, close to 6 million acres of wetlands have been purchased using more than $800 million in Duck Stamp revenue.
The North American Wetlands Conservation Act is the only federal grants program dedicated to the conservation of wetland habitats for migratory birds. Since 1990, approximately 5,000 partners in more than 2,000 projects have received more than $1.2 billion in grants. The grants have leveraged another $2.6 billion in matching funds to help improve more than 27 million acres of habitat.
More information about the grant projects announced today is available here.