Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Secretary Salazar Announces Members of St. Augustine 450th Commemoration Commission
Office of the Secretary
Last edited 4/26/2016
WASHINGTON – Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar today announced the members of the St. Augustine 450th Commemoration Commission. Founded by the Spanish in 1565, St. Augustine, Florida is the oldest continuously occupied European-established city in the continental United States. The secretarially-appointed members of the Commission will plan and carry out programs and activities to mark the 450th anniversary of the city's founding in 2015.
“I am pleased that these passionate and accomplished individuals have agreed to serve St. Augustine and our nation by serving on this Commission,” Secretary Salazar said. “As stewards of our nation's great history, the Department of the Interior and the Commission will work to ensure that the story of St. Augustine and our Spanish ancestors is recognized and preserved for generations to come.”
“The story of St. Augustine is a microcosm of the story of America itself, with a tapestry weaved by Native Americans, Europeans and Africans as the city developed, changed hands in times of conflict, struggled with issues of justice and equality and eventually flourished, ” said Director of the National Park Service Jon Jarvis. “The members of the commission will ensure that the anniversary will be an opportunity to expand the understanding and appreciation of the significance of the founding and continuing history of the city.”
Congress established the Commission as part of the Omnibus Appropriations Act of 2009 and charged it with ensuring a suitable national observance of St. Augustine's 450th anniversary by complementing the programs and activities of the State of Florida and the City of St. Augustine.
The members of the St. Augustine 450th Commemoration Commission are:
Joseph P. Boles, Mayor of St. Augustine
Katharine H. Dickenson, historic preservationist
Katherine Fernandez Rundle, Miami-Dade State Attorney
Dr. Michael Francis, Professor of History, University of North Florida
Dr. Michael Gannon, Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of History, University of Florida
Senator Bob Graham
Jay Kislak, President Kislak Mortgage Corp., National Park Foundation Board
Eduardo Padron, President of Miami Dade College
Bruce Smathers, Former Florida Secretary of State
Robert Stanton, Senior Advisor to the Secretary, Department of the Interior
Father Thomas S. Willis, Pastor Cathedral Parish, St. Augustine, Florida
Gordon Wilson, Superintendent of Castillo de San Marcos and Fort Matanzas National Monument
Ambassador Andrew Young, former Congressman, Mayor of Atlanta, and UN Ambassador
Spanish explorer Pedro Menéndez de Avilés founded St. Augustine in 1565 under a grant from King Phillip II of Spain. St. Augustine was often a site of conflict as European nations competed with each other for control of the New World, and, at various times, the flags of Spain, England and the United States have flown over the city. Union forces occupied the city in 1862. In the 1960's, St. Augustine was on the front lines of the Civil Rights Movement, as Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., led efforts to end segregation and secure equal rights for African Americans.
St. Augustine is home to two National Park Service sites, the Castillo de San Marcos and Fort Matanzas National Monuments. The Castillo de San Marcos, a castle built by the Spanish in 1672 to protect their interests in La Florida, is located in downtown St. Augustine, Florida.