Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Salazar, Bromwich Announce $25.8 Million Award for Louisiana Coastal Protection Project
CIAP Grant will Fund Land Bridge Construction to Protect Lake Borgne Shoreline
Last edited 4/26/2016
NEW ORLEANS – The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement (BOEMRE) announced today that it has awarded more than $25 million in Coastal Impact Assistance Program (CIAP) funding to the state of Louisiana. The funding is for the construction of a protective land bridge to safeguard against erosion and preserve marsh along the Lake Borgne shoreline, on the eastern edge of New Orleans. The state will partner with Orleans Parish in the proposed three-year Orleans Land Bridge Shoreline Protection project. This is one of the largest single CIAP grants to be awarded since the start of the program.
Created by the Energy Policy Act of 2005, CIAP provides funding to the six Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) oil and gas producing states to conserve and protect the coastal environment. CIAP is an ongoing program with grant funding that is allocated based on the offshore energy revenues collected by the United States.
“This is an example of how energy revenues can be wisely reinvested in the protection of marshes, shorelines, and wildlife habitat,” said Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar. “Louisiana's wetlands are a national treasure that have been steadily disappearing, and we must continue to do all we can to protect and restore them.”
“Shoreline protection and wetlands preservation are crucial to Louisiana's conservation efforts,” said BOEMRE Director Michael R. Bromwich. “We will continue to leverage CIAP funds to assist Louisiana and its coastal parishes in important conservation and protection initiatives. We will see the impact of these preservation efforts for many years to come.”
The $25,857,541 grant for the state's portion of the Land Bridge Shoreline Protection project, based in New Orleans, will be used to construct approximately 26,951 linear feet of marine protection mattresses along the Lake Borgne shoreline between Bayou Bienvenue and Alligator Point, a cape bordering the lake in eastern Orleans Parish.
The project's marine mattress system is a form of coastal defense made by placing rock-filled containers inland to form a protective land bridge against wave erosion. This is expected to re-establish a sustainable Lake Borgne rim and halt marsh loss and shoreline retreat. The grant will also fund surveying, access and flotation channels, revetment terminations, contractor mobilizations and demobilizations, temporary warning signs, and a portion of the staging area's aerial photography, inspection and equipment.
CIAP received $250 million in appropriated funds for each of the Fiscal Years 2007-2010, to be disbursed to six eligible OCS oil and gas producing states: Louisiana, Alabama, Alaska, California, Mississippi and Texas.