Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Nine Federal Agencies Agree to Expedite Permitting of Power Transmission Construction on Federal Lands
Last edited 4/25/2016
WASHINGTON – Obama Administration officials today released a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) signed by nine Federal Departments and Agencies to make it faster and simpler to build transmission lines on Federal lands. The goal of the agreement is to speed approval of new transmission lines, reduce expense and uncertainty in the process, generate cost savings, increase accessibility to renewable energy and jumpstart job creation.
As President Obama announced in his speech yesterday, the agreement “will help break down the bureaucratic barriers that currently make it slow and costly to build new transmission lines on federal lands.”
The MOU has been signed by the Department of the Interior, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Department of Commerce, Department of Defense, Department of Energy, Environmental Protection Agency, the Council on Environmental Quality, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, and the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation.
“The process of siting and permitting new transmission lines on federal lands has posed a barrier to efficient grid enhancements,” said Nancy Sutley, Chair of the White House Council on Environmental Quality. “Under President Obama's leadership, we want to expand and modernize our nation's transmission grid so we can access renewable energy sources, improve reliability, and reduce grid congestion. This is part of a comprehensive effort to create a clean energy future that also promotes energy efficiency and conservation.”
“To build America's clean energy economy we must update our transmission grid for the 21st century, so that we can efficiently move power from the new energy frontier to the places it is consumed," said Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar. “The common-sense reforms in this MOU will help bring the federal house in order by improving coordination among agencies, cutting red tape, and by making transmission siting on public lands more sensible and straightforward. This MOU also recognizes DOI's key role in ensuring that transmission siting is done in a way that protects America's natural and cultural heritage, and in consultation with tribal nations.”
“This agreement represents the Obama Administration's commitment to cutting red tape so we can create jobs and build a 21st Century clean energy economy,” said Energy Secretary Steven Chu.
“This new agreement will make government more efficient and improve the transmission of electricity to communities across the country as we move toward achieving a nationwide smart grid,” said Secretary of Commerce Gary Locke.
“The Obama administration recognizes that it is imperative for work to begin today to rebuild and modernize our electric transmission grid, not only to get renewable and alternative energy to market, but to ensure the reliability of America's energy grid,” said Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack. “For rural America, it means increased opportunity for income from power – solar, wind and biofuels – generated in rural areas. And that means jobs and economic development for rural America. USDA is proud to be part of this effort.”
“We're clearing the way for public and private investments in cutting edge smart grid innovations, which will make it easier and cheaper for homeowners and businesses to get running on clean American energy,” said EPA Administrator Lisa P. Jackson. “President Obama is committed to protecting our nation's economic and national security by reducing our dependence on foreign oil and making America the leader in the clean energy economy. Strong inter-agency coordination will be a critical component of this unprecedented nationwide effort.”
“This agreement is setting the stage so that every time you flip on the lights you are able to enjoy the benefits of clean, renewable energy and the technological advancements of a smart grid,” said Chairman Jon Wellinghoff of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.
“The Department of Defense supports expanding and modernizing the transmission grid as a key element of increased energy security,” said Dr. Dorothy Robyn, Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Installations and Environment. “This Transmission Siting MOU establishes an unprecedented opportunity for the Department of Defense to participate early in the planning and review process, allowing for more thoughtful and timely input and minimizing delays in the siting and permitting,”
“The commitment of these agencies to better coordinate federal reviews on the siting of electric transmission lines will improve delivery of critical energy resources to the American people,” said John L. Nau, III, Chairman of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation. “The ACHP looks forward to working with these agencies and state and tribal partners to ensure that historic preservation values are integrated into decisions about our nation's electrical transmission system.”
The agreement will cut approval time off the normal Federal permit process and help break down the barriers to siting new transmission lines by:
Designating a single Federal point-of-contact for all Federal authorizations;
Facilitating coordination and unified environmental documentation among project applicants, Federal Agencies, states, and tribes involved in the siting and permitting process;
Establishing clear timelines for agency review and coordination; and
Establishing a single consolidated environmental review and administrative record.
Instead of applicants going to multiple agencies, a single lead agency will coordinate all permits and approvals. The new process will keep applications on track by requiring agencies to set and meet clear deadline and improve transparency by creating a single record to be posted on line. The MOU does not alter the authority of any participating agencies, and all existing environmental reviews and safeguards are maintained fully.