Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
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With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
$20 Million Contract Awarded to Build First Pumping Plant for Navajo-Gallup Water Supply Project
Office of the Secretary
Tohlakai Pumping Plant a Key Component in Bringing Water to Tribal, Rural Communities
Last edited 4/26/2016
WASHINGTON, DC – Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell today announced that the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation has awarded a $19.6 million construction contract to build the Tohlakai Pumping Plant, the first pumping plant for the Navajo-Gallup Water Supply Project, about eight miles north of Gallup, N.M. Moltz Constructors, Inc., a small business enterprise located in Cody, Wyoming is the recipient.
"The Navajo-Gallup project will deliver clean, safe drinking water to tribal and rural communities, many of which have been hauling water over long distances for far too long," said Jewell. "This contract is another important step in honoring U.S. commitments to Indian nations while providing lasting benefits for local economies and public health."
The Navajo-Gallup Water Supply Project is the cornerstone of the historic Navajo Nation Water Rights Settlement Agreement in the San Juan River Basin in New Mexico, signed by the Department of the Interior, the Navajo Nation, and the State of New Mexico in December 2010. In addition to the Navajo Nation, project participants include the Jicarilla Apache Nation, the City of Gallup, and – in conjunction with Reclamation – the state of New Mexico, Interior's Bureau of Indian Affairs, and the Indian Health Service.
"The overall project is a priority for the Navajo Nation which will provide the necessary water supply for future economic growth for the Navajo Nation in New Mexico. The current pumping plant will help many Navajo families east of Gallup, NM get near-term groundwater for domestic use before the San Juan River water comes," said Ben Shelly, President of the Navajo Nation.
President Obama's proposed FY 2015 budget requests an $80 million investment in the Navajo-Gallup Water Supply Project, which, when completed, will have the capacity to deliver clean running water to a potential future population of approximately 250,000.
Construction of the Tohlakai Pumping Plant, to be located in McKinley County, is expected to take approximately 26 months to complete and provide approximately 140 direct and indirect jobs over that time. At the peak of construction, the Navajo-Gallup project will involve more than 600 jobs created at numerous project sites. Construction of the overall Navajo-Gallup project began in June 2012 and is on schedule for completion in 2024.
Initially, the Tohlakai Pumping Plant will have a two cubic-feet-per-second capacity, which will be used in the short term to provide groundwater from Navajo Nation wells until the overall project construction is complete, including completion of the pipeline from the San Juan River.
As demand increases, additional pumps will be installed in the plant to increase the total capacity to approximately 36.5 cfs of treated surface water from the San Juan River to Navajo communities and the cities of Gallup and Window Rock, Ariz.
Key components of the pumping plant contract include construction of an external facility structure, a horizontal split-case pump and associated electrical and mechanical equipment, a one-million-gallon water storage tank, a chlorine-feed building and a short section of pipeline to include a highway crossing. A Request for Proposal for the construction of Tohlakai Pumping Plant was issued in late November 2013.
The Navajo-Gallup Water Supply Project is one of 14 high-priority infrastructure projects identified in October of 2011 by the Obama Administration to be expedited through the permitting and environmental review process.