Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Trustees Settle Natural Resource Damage Claims Arising from Hazardous Substances Releases at Ciba-Geigy NPL site, Washington County, Alabama
Last edited 4/20/2016
On October 2, 2013, the federal and State natural resource trustees settled natural resource damage claims with BASF Corp. arising from hazardous substances releases from the Ciba-Geigy Corporation’s McIntosh Plant site in McIntosh, Washington County, in southwestern Alabama. The proposed settlement is embodied in a Consent Decree that was entered by the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Alabama, Southern Division.
The natural resource trustees involved in this case include:
State of Alabama, represented by Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources and Geological Survey of Alabama;
U.S. Department of Commerce, represented by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and,
U.S. Department of the Interior, represented by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
The Ciba-Geigy McIntosh Plant site covers 1,500 acres, including Tombigbee River floodplain, in an industrial area northeast of McIntosh. Beginning in early 1950s, the plant manufactured the pesticide DDT. In the 1970s, production expanded to include a variety of agricultural, industrial and consumer chemical products. Historic waste disposal practices at the plant resulted in the release of hazardous substances -- including DDT, DDE and DDD -- contaminating soils, surface waters, sediments and groundwater. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency placed the Ciba-Geigy McIntosh Plant site on the National Priorities List in 1983.
Under the final settlement for natural resource damages in the entered Consent Decree, BASF Corp., as successor-in-interest to Ciba Corp., will:
Pay $3.2 million for natural resource damages to be used for the planning, implementing and overviewing of natural resource restoration projects in the Mobile Bay watershed;
Pay $500,000 to Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources for ecosystem restoration in the Mobile Bay watershed through support of the Aquatic Biodiversity Center; and,
Pay $1.3 million to reimburse the federal natural resource trustees’ past assessment costs, including $750,000 for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service past costs.
The total monetary value of the settlement is $5 million.
As a next step, the trustees will develop a draft restoration plan with proposed natural resource restoration projects to be implemented with the settlement funds. This draft restoration Plan will be made available for public review and comment.