Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Trustees Open 60-Day Public Comment Period on Draft Restoration Plan for Portage Creek and Operable Unit 1, Kalamazoo River NPL Site, Michigan
Last edited 4/26/2016
PCBs-contaminated paper waste disposed in the Willow Landfill, shown here on the bank of the Kalamazoo River in Kalamazoo Charter Township, Michigan, is one of the sources of hazardous substances injuring natural resources in Portage Creek and Kalamazoo River. Photo credit: FWS.
On April 4, 2012 the federal and State natural resource trustees opened a 60-day public comment period on the “Draft Restoration Plan and Environmental Assessment, Portage Creek and Operable Unit 1 – Allied Paper Property, Allied Paper, Inc./Portage Creek/Kalamazoo River Superfund Site.” The natural resource trustees in this case include:
State of Michigan, represented by Department of the Attorney General, Department of Environmental Quality and Department of Natural Resources;
U.S. Department of Commerce, represented by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and,
U.S. Department of the Interior, represented by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
In 1990, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency placed the Kalamazoo River in Kalamazoo and Allegan Counties, Michigan, on the National Priorities List because of PCBs contamination in the sediment and floodplain soils. The NPL site encompasses a 3-mile stretch of Portage Creek and the lower 80-mile stretch of the Kalamazoo River to the mouth of the River at Lake Michigan.
EPA has divided the Kalamazoo River NPL site into five Operable Units plus two paper mill properties. Operable Unit 1, including the Allied Paper property and the former Bryant Mill Pond area, is located within the City of Kalamazoo, next to Portage Creek. The natural resource trustees have concluded that natural resources -- including surface water, sediment, soils, fish, benthic invertebrates, birds and mammals -- have been injured by hazardous substances releases at Operable Unit 1 into Kalamazoo River and Portage Creek and their floodplains.
The purpose of the proposed restoration actions in this Draft Restoration Plan and Environmental Assessment is to compensate the public for injuries to natural resources and natural resource services. The natural resource trustees do not necessarily expect to be able to implement all of the proposed restoration projects described in the Draft Restoration Plan. Ultimately, the restoration projects implemented will depend on available funding from the settlement of natural resource damage claims with responsible parties. Public input regarding favored potential restoration projects is encouraged.
The deadline for submitting written comments to the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality on the Draft Restoration Plan and Environmental Assessment is Friday, June 1, 2012.