Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Salazar Announces $1.5 Million in Grants under Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act
Office of the Secretary
Last edited 7/7/2015
WASHINGTON -- Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar today announced $1,483,632 in grants to assist American Indian tribes, Alaska native villages, and museums with implementation of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA). Of this amount, $1,422,515 is going to 19 recipients for consultation/documentation projects, and $61,117 is going to five repatriation projects.
“Returning human beings to their descendants and cultural items to their inheritors is unequivocally the right thing to do,” Secretary Salazar said. “These grants will help to rectify an offense committed against American Indians in the past.”
“I am proud that the National Park Service plays a key role in the implementation of NAGPRA,” said National Park Service Director Jonathan B. Jarvis. “We take care of many places and objects that are part of our nation's cultural heritage, and we are privileged to help American Indians enjoy their right to care for their heritage.”
Enacted in 1990, NAGPRA requires museums and federal agencies to inventory and identify American Indian human remains and cultural items in their collections, and to consult with culturally affiliated tribes, Alaska native villages and corporations, and native Hawaiian organizations regarding repatriation.
This year five repatriation grants, totaling $61,117, will go to the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe, the Gila River Indian Community, the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, the University of Colorado, and the Denver Museum of Nature & Science.
Repatriation grants help with costs associated with the transfer of human remains and cultural items from institutions to tribes. This year's grants will fund the repatriation of 32 individuals' remains and over 200 cultural items from museums across the country to tribes.
FY 2011 NAGPRA Consultation/Documentation Grant Recipients
Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians
Caddo Indian Tribe of Oklahoma
California State, Sacramento
Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes
Del Norte County Historical Society
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe of South Dakota
Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe
Maxwell Museum of Anthropology, University of New Mexico
Organized Village of Kasaan
Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology
Rochester Museum & Science Center
Sitka Tribe of Alaska
SUNY, College at Oswego
Susanville Indian Rancheria
Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians
University of Colorado Museum, Boulder
Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission
White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Reservation
Wisconsin Historical Society
FY 2011 NAGPRA Repatriation Grant Recipients
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation