Reports & Statistics from PPA

Invasive Species

Safeguarding the West from Invasive SpeciesSafeguarding the West from Invasive Species: Actions to Strengthen Federal, State, and Tribal Coordination to Address Invasive Mussels. On June 26, 2017, Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke announced a package of more than three dozen actions and initiatives designed to protect areas in the West from the economic and ecological threats posed by invasive quagga and zebra mussels. The package was developed by a team of federal, state, and tribal representatives, in collaboration with the Western Governors' Association, and coordinated by the Office of Policy Analysis and National Invasive Species Council (NISC) Secretariat. On February 28, 2018, the Department of the Interior released an interim report summarizing progress made implementing these actions. 2018 Progress Report, 2018 Press Release2017 Full Report2017 Press Release

Safeguarding America's Lands and Waters from Invasive SpeciesSafeguarding America’s Lands and Waters from Invasive Species: A National Framework for Early Detection and Rapid Response: On February 18, 2016, the U.S. Department of the Interior released "Safeguarding America’s Lands and Waters from Invasive Species: A National Framework for Early Detection and Rapid Response."  The report, called for by the White House Council on Climate Preparedness and Resilience, urges the National Invasive Species Council (NISC)—an interagency body created by Executive Order 13112—to provide leadership in early detection and rapid response for invasive species.  The report outlines five recommendations to operationalize a national EDRR framework and strengthen EDRR actions from the local through to the national level. The Office of Policy Analysis and the NISC Secretariat co-led the development of the report which involved numerous NISC member departments as well as state and tribal governments and other stakeholder groups. Full Report | Press Release | EDRR Resource Guide 

Landscape-Scale Mitigation

A Strategy for Improving the Mitigation Policies and Practices A Strategy for Improving the Mitigation Policies and Practices of The Department of the Interior: On April 10, 2014, Secretary Jewell released "A Strategy for Improving the Mitigation Policies and Practices of The Department of the Interior," developed by the Energy and Climate Task Force to implement mitigation policies and practices at the Department that can more effectively encourage infrastructure development while protecting natural and cultural resources. The report, co-authored by the Director of the Office of Policy Analysis, outlines four priority areas of ongoing and future work, including geospatial assessments, landscape-level strategies, compensatory mitigation programs, and monitoring and evaluation. The strategy also identifies near-term actions that the Department will take to put the report's recommendations into practice. Full Report | Press Release | Video

Economic Analysis

DOI Economic Contributions Report FY15DOI Economic Contributions Report: Every year since 2009 the Department (led by the Office of Policy Analysis) has released an annual Economic Contribution Report highlighting the current economic impact of Interior’s existing programs and activities, and underscores the impact Interior has on a stateby-state basis. Results can now be viewed visually on a new data visualization site here.
FY 2016 | FY 2015 | FY 2014 Report | FY 2013 Report | FY 2012 Report | FY 2011


Economic Contributions of Outdoor Recreation on Federal Lands: Outdoor recreation on Federal lands and waters provides benefits to individuals who participate in these activities in a variety of ways, supporting physical, mental, and spiritual health, and providing opportunities to spend time with family and friends. Outdoor recreation is also a multi-billion dollar industry in the United States. Local communities and businesses derive significant benefits from the economic activity and spending associated with trips to these locations. Outdoor recreationists made more than 889 million visits to Federal lands and waterways in 2016, spending $49 billion and supporting 826,000 jobs. This paper summarizes economic contributions from 2016 for seven agencies: BLM, NOAA, NPS, Reclamation, US Army Corps of Engineers, USFS, and USFWS. Full Report

Estimating Recreational Visitation to Federally-Managed LandsEstimating Recreational Visitation to Federally-Managed Lands: The Office of Policy Analysis led a Service First funded project looking at methods to estimate recreational visitation data. As part of this project, in April 2017 a report was completed by Industrial Economics, Inc. that describes the methodologies currently used by federal land management agencies to characterize visitation on the lands under their jurisdiction and a number of alternative approaches that capitalize on technology that may be useful to these agencies in the future. The report also provides a series of recommendations for improving data collection, documentation, and accessibility of the data. Full Report

Survey of Conservation Banking Sponsors Report CoverResults from a Survey of Conservation Banking Sponsors and Managers: The Office of Policy Analysis recently conducted an analysis of the USFWS conservation banking program, to identify any institutional or other impediments to creating habitat conservation banks, and develop potential options for encouraging the expanded use of conservation banking. As part of this analysis, a survey of representatives from USFWS habitat conservation banks was completed in 2016. This report summarizes the survey results and provides conclusions and recommendations for the conservation banking program. Full Report

Amenity Values of Proximity to National Wildlife Refuges Report CoverAmenity Values of Proximity to National Wildlife Refuges: A peer-reviewed national study released by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), shows that in urban areas across three regions of the country proximity to a national wildlife refuge increases home value and helps support the surrounding community's tax base. The study, managed by the Office of Policy Analysis for the USFWS and conducted by economists at North Carolina State University, found that within eight miles of an urban center, homes located within half a mile of a refuge are valued three to nine percent higher than homes located farther from refuges. Full Report

Report to Congress on the Recreation Fee ProgramReport to Congress on the Recreation Fee Program (May, 2015): The Office of Policy Analysis led the federal inter-agency recreation fee Working Group in preparing the Triennial Report to Congress on Implementation of the Federal Lands Recreation Enhancement Act. The report highlights projects funded by recreation fees, provides budgetary and visitation statistics, describes agency policies to implement the Act, and includes considerations about the future of the recreation fee program. 2012 Triennial Report | 2015 Triennial Report

Wildland Fire Literature ReviewWildland Fire Literature Review: In June 2012, the Office of Policy Analysis released a report titled Wildland Fire Management Program Benefit-Cost Analysis - A Review of Relevant Literature. Wildland fire policy is an important issue at Interior. The Office of Wildland Fire develops department-wide policies, and four Interior bureaus have relevant management responsibilities: BIA, BLM, FWS, and NPS. This report provides background information on six key topics: policy, budget trends, measuring performance, the role of economic analysis, wildland fire models, and data availability.  Full Report

Native American Issues

Federal American Indian and Alaska Native Data Collections: Addressing American Indian and Alaska Native data gaps and data quality issues in federal AI/AN datasets is critical as agencies, tribes, nonprofits, businesses, and other stakeholders use federal data to make effective and data driven decisions on business development, land and resource management, and program assessment and administration. To begin to address these issues, the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) and the U.S. Census Bureau (Census) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on January 13th, 2016 to work together to improve the quality and accuracy of AI/AN data. This paper describes the methods used to identify federal AI/AN data collections and presents a preliminary analysis of the inventory to date. Full Report

2016 American Indian and Alaska Native Data Workshop Summary Report: The Office of Policy Analysis of the Department of the Interior held a workshop on American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) data on September 13, 2016. The purpose of the workshop was to bring together producers and users of AI/AN data to share how data is developed and used, limitations of the data, and data gaps in analytic applications. The workshop provided a forum for users of AI/AN data to share information, discuss options for addressing AI/AN data issues, and identify opportunities to collaborate on AI/AN data collection to leverage Federal and other resources. This report summarizes and synthesizes the presentations and discussions that took place at the workshop, including descriptions of each session, a discussion of the common themes that arose during those sessions, and a list of critical data gaps identified. It also includes a list of possible next steps for addressing those gaps. Full Report

Data for Indian Economic Development Workshop: The Access to accurate information is crucial to decision making for American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) communities. This workshop addressed AIAN economic data quality and availability issues and options to overcome deficiencies. Agenda | Workshop Presentations

Arctic Management

Arctic Resilience ReportArctic Resilience Report: The Arctic Resilience Report (ARR) was formally launched on November 25, 2016 in Stockholm, Sweden. The ARR initiative was co-led by the Office of Policy Analysis, on behalf of the United States, and Sweden. It was produced under the auspices of the Arctic Council, in cooperation with an international team of researchers and indigenous organizations. Through the analysis of several case studies, the ARR identifies strategies for enhancing the resilience of Arctic communities and ecosystems to the rapid changes that are occurring in the region.  Full Report | Press Release | Arctic Council Announcement 

Managing for the Future in a Rapidly Changing ArcticManaging for the Future in a Rapidly Changing Arctic: On April 4, 2013 the Interagency Working Group on Coordination of Domestic Energy Development and Permitting in Alaska, chaired by the Department of the Interior, released a report to the President, Managing for the Future in a Rapidly Changing Arctic. The report, co-authored by the Director of the Office of Policy Analysis, calls for an integrated management strategy and highlights the need for a coordinated approach – termed “Integrated Arctic Management”– that uses the best available science to integrate cultural, environmental and economic factors in decision-making about development and conservation. Executive Summary | Full Report | Press Release | Video

Adaptive Management

Adaptive ManagementThe Office of Policy Analysis plays a leadership role in advancing understanding of adaptive management through chairing the Adaptive Management Working Group and coordinating efforts to develop guides for managers. The Adaptive Management Working Group (AMWG) sponsored the development of the Adaptive Management,the U.S. Department of the Interior Technical Guide,first published in 2007 and revised in 2009, to clearly and consistently define adaptive management and describe conditions for its implementation. In April 2012, the AMWG released Adaptive Management, the U.S. Department of the Interior Applications Guide, to provide through case studies, a better understanding of how adaptive management can be implemented in the field. 

                               Adaptive Management Applications Guide (April 2012)
                               Adaptive Management Technical Guide (Updated 2009)