Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Federal Law Enforcement Training Center Protection Act of 2010
September 29, 2010
Thank you for the opportunity to testify on S. 3616, the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center Protection Act of 2010.S. 3616 would reserve and withdraw approximately 2,700 acres of public land administered by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) for use by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) in Eddy County, New Mexico.The BLM supports S. 3616, and would like to work with the Chairman on amendments to the bill to address a number of technical issues.
The FLETC has operated a law enforcement training center northwest of Artesia, New Mexico for the past two decades.The staff in FLETC-Artesia is responsible for designing, developing, coordinating, and administering advanced and specialized training programs for the United States Border Patrol, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Transportation Security Administration, and other partner organizations.Basic and advanced training programs are conducted for the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Indian Affairs under the auspices of the Indian Police Academy.Specialized instructor programs such as the Law Enforcement Driver Instructor Training Program, Firearms Instructor Training Program, the Law Enforcement Fitness Coordinator Training Program, and the Law Enforcement Control Tactics Instructor Training Program, are also conducted at the Artesia facility.
The FLETC use of public land was first authorized by a right-of-way (ROW) issued by the BLM in 1990.Subsequently the FLETC requested additional public land for the training center, and the BLM completed a land exchange in June 2003 with the State of New Mexico to facilitate this expansion.In 2003, the BLM issued a 20-year administrative withdrawal of approximately 1,921 acres, subject to valid existing rights, for FLETC, although the existing mineral leases continued to be managed by the BLM.
The FLETC has indicated to the BLM a need for an additional 779 acres, seeking a total area of approximately 2,700 acres.The BLM can also accomplish the withdrawal administratively, if the FLETC elects to pursue that approach.
S. 3616 proposes to withdraw and reserve approximately 2,700 acres of BLM-managed lands for FLETC for a period of 20 years, subject to valid existing rights.The lands would be withdrawn from entry, appropriation or disposal; location, entry and patent under mining laws, and operation of mineral leasing, mineral materials, and geothermal leasing laws.The bill withdraws and reserves the land for the purposes of protecting, operating, and maintaining FLETC.
The BLM supports the withdrawal of the lands for FLETC's law enforcement training mission.The BLM frequently works with Congress and the Department of Defense on similar legislative withdrawals only for military purposes.We believe that those acts may serve as good models for this withdrawal.Among the issues that should be addressed in this proposed legislation are protection of valid existing rights (including existing rights-of-way and oil and gas leases), environmental compliance and mitigation, future extensions of the withdrawal, restoration and rehabilitation of the land upon termination of the withdrawal, and the FLETC's responsibilities under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).
Thank you for the opportunity to testify.We look forward to continuing to work with the Chairman and the Committee on this important legislation.