Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Secretary Jewell Applauds President Obama's Intent to Nominate Esther Kia'aina to Serve as Assistant Secretary for Insular Areas
Insular Affairs Office of the Secretary
WASHINGTON, D.C. – Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell today applauded President Obama's intent to nominate Esther Puakela Kia'aina to serve as the Assistant Secretary for Insular Areas at the U.S. Department of the Interior.
If confirmed by the U.S. Senate, Kia'aina would lead the Department's efforts to coordinate federal policy for Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the U.S. Virgin Islands and American Samoa. She would also have the responsibility to administer and to oversee Federal assistance to the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands and the Republic of Palau.
“Born in Guam to Native Hawaiian parents, Esther brings extensive expertise and a keen understanding of the issues facing the U.S. territories and the freely associated states,” said Secretary Jewell. “As a resident of Hawai'i with strong connections to Pacific islands and experience on Capitol Hill, she will be a tremendous asset to this Department as we continue the collaborative progress we are making to strengthen the health, safety, and welfare of the Insular Areas.”
Kia'aina currently serves as the First Deputy Director of the Hawai'i Department of Land and Natural Resources. Appointed by Governor Neil Abercrombie to oversee the management of 1.3 million acres of public lands and near shore ocean resources in the State of Hawai'i, Kia'aina has worked on watershed management protection initiatives, threatened and endangered species protection, invasive species control, land and ocean preservation, and strengthening public-private and enforcement partnerships.
Prior to her current position, Kia'aina served as Chief Advocate for the Office of Hawaiian Affairs, which seeks to improve the conditions of Native Hawaiians. In that role, she was a senior-level manager responsible for overseeing a staff of 36 and a $1.4 million operating budget.
Kia'aina served for nearly two decades on Capitol Hill, as Chief of Staff to former U.S. Representatives Ed Case (D-Hawai'i) and Robert A. Underwood (D-Guam), and as Legislative Assistant to former U.S. Senator Daniel K. Akaka (D-Hawai'i). She was instrumental in the passage of numerous legislative initiatives impacting Native Hawaiians, U.S. territories and the freely associated states.
A graduate of the Kamehameha Schools in Honolulu, Kia'aina received a Juris Doctor degree from the George Washington University Law School in 1998 and a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science and International Relations from the University of Southern California in 1985. She also attended the Johns Hopkins University's Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies in Washington, D.C.
If confirmed, Kia'aina would replace Acting Assistant Secretary for Insular Areas Eileen Sobeck, who has held the position since February 2013, and would return to her former position as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks.
“I want to thank Eileen for her leadership of the Office of Insular Affairs during this transition period and for her efforts to promote self-governance initiatives and economic empowerment strategies,” said Jewell.
The Secretary of the Interior has administrative responsibility for coordinating federal policy in the territories and is responsible for administering grant and budget assistance for three Freely Associated States under the Compacts of Free Association. The Assistant Secretary for Insular Areas and Interior's Office of Insular Affairs (OIA) carry out these responsibilities on behalf of the Secretary.
In 2009, President Obama re-established the position of Assistant Secretary for Insular Areas for the first time since 1995. Obama also re-established the Interagency Group on Insular Areas (IGIA) by Executive Order 13537 on April 14, 2010. Co-chaired by the Secretary of the Interior and the Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental Affairs, the IGIA, which includes representatives from key federal departments and agencies, consults regularly with Insular leaders, develops initiatives that address territorial needs and makes recommendations to the President for improving federal policies concerning Guam, American Samoa, the United States Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
More information on OIA and IGIA can be found here.