Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Department of the Interior Hosts Stakeholder Workshop on Mitigation Strategy for Large Infrastructure Projects
Office of the Secretary
WASHINGTON, DC – Senior officials from across the federal government convened a high-level workshop today on mitigation for large infrastructure projects. The event, which included participants from federal agencies, states, local governments, tribes, conservation groups and industry, is a part of the Administration's commitment under the Presidential Memorandum of May 17 to more efficiently permit large infrastructure projects, such as renewable energy and transmission, while achieving improved outcomes for communities and the environment.
Joining Interior's Deputy Secretary David J. Hayes were Chair of the White House Council on Environmental Quality Nancy Sutley, Deputy Secretary of Transportation John Porcari, Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works Jo-Ellen Darcy, as well as leaders from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM), and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The workshop is another step forward in the Administration's efforts to strengthen mitigation practices for large infrastructure projects, improving predictability for project proponents while achieving greater conservation objectives.
“The efficient permitting of large infrastructure projects – conventional and renewable energy development, transmission lines, pipelines, roadways, and waterways – is central to the President's vision for an economy that is built to last,” Deputy Secretary Hayes said. “Effective, predictable mitigation for the environmental and cultural impacts of projects is critical to doing this work right, and today's workshop is an important step in further strengthening the federal government's mitigation policies and practices.”
As part of today's workshop, Deputy Secretary Hayes also highlighted the BLM's recent draft policy on mitigation, which is designed to guide how the BLM will mitigate for impacts from energy development and other projects on Federal lands.
An Instruction Memorandum issued to the agency's field offices establishes an interim policy for adopting a regional approach to mitigation. Under this approach, the BLM will identify priority mitigation opportunities across the landscape, with a focus on achieving the highest mitigation benefit. This regional mitigation approach will shift the BLM's focus from determining appropriate mitigation on a permit-by-permit basis, to a strategic and landscape-level perspective, where mitigation can be identified through regional strategies and land use planning.
"Mitigation is critical to the Bureau of Land Management's ability to effectively implement our unique multiple-use and sustained yield mandate,” said BLM Principal Deputy Director Neil Kornze. “This workshop provided a great opportunity to present our first bureau-wide regional mitigation policy, which puts an emphasis on identifying and investing in landscape-scale conservation priorities."
The BLM's Rapid Ecoregional Assessments (REAs) are a potential means for identifying regional mitigation sites. The BLM launched the REA program in 2010 in response to climate change and other widespread environmental influences affecting western landscapes. The assessments are examining ecological values, conditions, and trends within ecoregions, which are large, connected areas that have similar environmental characteristics.
Regional mitigation planning was introduced as a concept as part of BLM's Western Solar Plan released in 2012, which provided a blueprint for utility-scale solar energy permitting in six western states. In that plan, regional mitigation planning was intended to identify resources that require mitigation based on landscape-level or other ecological, recreation, or socioeconomic objectives.
The interim regional mitigation policy replaces an offsite mitigation policy originally issued in 2005 and takes effect immediately. The BLM plans to review the interim policy for six months, and then issue a final version of the policy.
A longer discussion by Hayes on Interior's mitigation strategies and how they've been used to date is available here.