Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Salazar Honors Four Public Service and Tribal Employees With Historic Preservation Awards
Office of the Secretary
WASHINGTON, D.C. — Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar today honored four government and tribal employees with the annual Secretary of the Interior Historic Preservation Awards, recognizing their outstanding contributions to the preservation of historic places and artifacts.
“In presenting these awards, I am giving thanks on behalf of all Americans to these extraordinary professionals for their outstanding contributions to historic preservation,” Salazar said. “Their skill, dedication, and professionalism are ensuring that the story of America continues to be passed down to future generations.”
The Secretary's award is distinguished from other historic preservation award programs in that it focuses on the accomplishments of individual employees and not on programs or projects. The award also recognizes the contributions of employees at multiple levels of government.
Award winners are individuals whose contributions surpass the expected scope of their positions, and whose creativity and expertise have significantly fostered the overall goals of the National Historic Preservation Act.
The winners of this year's awards are:
Terry D. Cole—Tribal Historic Preservation Office Category
Cole is the first Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the Choctaw Nation, where he has worked for over a decade. He is an expert at developing and enhancing the “government to government” relationship between the Choctaw Nation and a variety of federal agencies. In this role, he has represented the Choctaw people in numerous undertakings in compliance with the National Historic Preservation Act and the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act.
In 2002, Cole established the highly successful “To Bridge a Gap” conference which facilitates interaction among native peoples and the U.S. Forest Service. Recently, he completed an archaeological law enforcement class that trains historic preservation professionals in the skills of crime scene investigation and police procedure. This training is essential for successful prosecutions of crimes committed in violation of the Archaeological Resources Protection Act.
A graduate from Southeastern Oklahoma State University, Cole served as the Chair of the Intertribal Council of the Five Civilized Tribes Heritage Commission, an organization that represents more than 500,000 Tribal members nationwide. He was also instrumental in the Choctaw sponsorship of the 11th Annual National Association of Tribal Historic Preservation Officers' meeting in Durant, Oklahoma during 2009.
Michael Leventhal—Certified Local Government Category
Since 1997, Leventhal has served as the Historic Preservation Coordinator for Arlington County, Virginia. As the county's Certified Local Government representative, he has creatively and effectively leveraged funds made available from the Virginia Department of Historic Resources through the Historic Preservation Fund to identify, evaluate, and recognize more than 10,000 historic properties as part of 24 National Register historic district nominations. During his tenure, he has assisted more than 150 property owners in successful federal and/or state rehabilitation tax credit projects. The ultimate benefit from this work has been the private investment of more than $60 million in rehabilitation projects, resulting in the creation of an estimated 2,200 jobs.
In 2006, Arlington County adopted a Historic Preservation Master Plan, which is a model for local community planning as it explicitly links the identification and stewardship of historic resources with economic growth and quality of life issues. Last year, Leventhal completed work on updating the county's historic preservation zoning ordinance. Over the last five years, he has coordinated an effort to preserve one of the county's few remaining post-World War II all-metal construction “Lustron Houses.” Leventhal's team of experts disassembled a threatened Lustron House and placed it in storage, eventually installing the home as the centerpiece of an exhibit at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.
Scott B. Shepherd, III—Federal Preservation Office Category
For more than two decades, Shepherd has been the principal historic preservation steward for Randolph Air Force Base near San Antonio, Texas. Established in 1930, Randolph AFB is known internationally as the “showplace” of the United States Air Force for its distinctive Spanish Colonial Revival style architecture and its unique facility plan and orientation. In 1993, the Texas Historical Commission listed the base among the 10 most endangered places within the state. Due in large part to Shepherd's stewardship, the Air Force have been able to successfully integrate its ongoing mission requirements with an appreciation for the history of the facility.
Shepherd's responsibilities included oversight of the large installation's wide array of important historic buildings. Over the years, the innovative design and layout of Randolph AFB has not been significantly altered and it retains an exceptional degree of integrity, particularly with its individually distinctive buildings, such as the Administration Building, known as the “Taj Mahal.”
Shepherd's efforts focused not only on details of the day-to-day operation and maintenance of a large and complex facility, but also on securing federal acknowledgement of the property's significance. As a result of his efforts, the Secretary of the Interior designated the 415-acre “Randolph Field Historic District” as a National Historic Landmark in 2001 for its association with the history of American aviation.
Ruth L. Pierpont—State Historic Preservation Office Category
Pierpont serves as the Deputy State Historic Preservation Officer for the State of New York. She not only manages the State Historic Preservation Office but also oversees the stewardship of 37 state historic sites and cultural activities at nearly 180 state parks. Her staff annually generates approximately 10 percent of all National Register listings nationwide. Currently, New York boasts 5,200 National Register listings that contain almost 90,000 contributing resources. Her office also fulfills the SHPO's role within the Section 106 compliance process, effectively shouldering a 150 percent workload increase over the last year due to projects funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.
Pierpont also oversees an active and growing program of Certified Local Governments within New York. Her office is completing a $1.8 million grant from the Department of Transportation to revamp and update the SHPO's electronic data systems so that digital records and cartographic information will be readily accessible through the agency's website. An adjunct professor at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Pierpont is currently the President of the National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers, a position which entails substantial interaction and consultation with preservation professionals across the country.