Mercury's surface in "enhanced color," a color scheme created to emphasize color differences. This is not what Mercury would look like to the human eye, but by applying mathematical analysis to images, color differences can be accentuated beyond those visible to a person.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
AMERICA'S GREAT OUTDOORS: Secretary Salazar Touts Economic Benefits of Conserving Richmond's Historic Resources
Announces 385-Acre Expansion of Richmond National Battlefield Park to Enhance Tourism and Create New Jobs for Virginia
RICHMOND, Va.— Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar today announced $4 million in Land and Water Conservation Funds to acquire and preserve an additional 385 acres at Richmond National Battlefield Park. The announcement coincides with the National Park Service's 150th anniversary commemoration of the Civil War and comes as part of the Obama administration's effort to significantly boost tourism and travel in the United States.
“Tourism is one of the top economic drivers in Virginia and in communities throughout the country,” said Secretary Salazar. “These acquisitions, funded by fees from offshore oil and gas development, will enable us to preserve two key battlefields of the Civil War and help draw more visitors and jobs to the area. This is a win-win situation for everyone.”
Today's announcement reflects the overall efforts of the administration to put Americans back to work and strengthen the U.S. economy by promoting the United States as a tourism destination.
In January, President Obama launched the creation of a Travel & Competitiveness Task Force to promote domestic and international travel opportunities throughout the United States, thereby expanding job creation. A particular focus of the Task Force will be on strategies for increasing tourism and recreation jobs by promoting visits to our national treasures – including our national parks, wildlife refuges, cultural and historic sites, monuments and other public lands that attract travelers from around the country and the globe.
Joined by Governor Bob McDonnell and National Park Service Director Jon Jarvis, Secretary Salazar made the announcement following a town hall meeting that attracted more than 100 Richmond area tourism and business leaders. During the meeting, participants shared ideas, success stories and challenges, and best practices in promoting battlefield and heritage tourism – including that related to the Civil War – in the Richmond area.
“The history of Virginia is the history of our country, and we want all Americans, and visitors from across the world, to come to the Commonwealth to learn about this incredible history,” Governor McDonnell said. “Richmond is home to some of the most historic events in our country's narrative, and this partnership in preserving more of our battlefields will ensure that future generations are able to learn about our past and inform the future of this great country. Tourism also supports jobs across the Commonwealth. In 2010, tourism in Virginia generated $18.9 billion in revenue, provided $1.3 billion in state and local taxes and supported more than 204,000 jobs. In these difficult economic times, these investments in our history will also pay dividends to our future by putting more people back to work.”
Today's land preservation announcement builds on work undertaken by the Civil War Trust over the last decade to preserve Richmond's Civil War battlefields. The land to be preserved with the new funds lies primarily on the Glendale and Malvern Hill battlefields, both of which figured prominently in the summer 1862 campaign by Union Gen. George B. McClellan to take the Confederate capital.
“The events that unfolded on this landscape are as important as those that took place in Gettysburg and Manassas,” said National Park Service Director Jon Jarvis. “What happened here changed how this war would be fought, and what it would be fought over. Until now, this has been little understood because there were few places preserved to tell that story and they were disconnected from one another. That changes today.”
The $4 million will acquire at least 385 acres, much of which lies on the Glendale battlefield. Until now, Glendale has been inaccessible to visitors. With these preservation funds, the battlefield will be almost entirely preserved and the area will be made accessible to visitors for the first time.
Nearly 23 million people visit Virginia's 22 National Park Sites, with out-of-town visitors contributing $493 million to local economies and supporting 7,000 private sector jobs. At Richmond National Battlefield Park, for example, out-of-town visitors contributed more than $8 million to the local economy in 2010, supporting more than 130 jobs in the community.
Public lands managed by Interior draw more than 400 million visits a year nationwide. According to some recent non-governmental estimates, outdoor recreation, conservation and heritage initiatives support as many as 8.4 million jobs and provide as much as $1 trillion in annual economic benefits. Additionally, one in twenty U.S. jobs are in the recreation economy – more than there are doctors, lawyers, or teachers.
Following the announcement, Salazar also attended a ribbon-cutting to unveil new exhibits at the Glendale Visitor Center. The center is located inside the historic lodge of the Glendale National Cemetery, which includes the final resting place for more than 1,200 Union soldiers, most of whom fought in the battles of Glendale and Malvern Hill. The first floor of the lodge was retrofitted to contain interpretive exhibits that highlight the stories of the Glendale and Malvern Hill battles.