Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
AMERICA'S GREAT OUTDOORS: Secretary Salazar Touts Economic Benefits of Conserving Richmond's Historic Resources
Announces 385-Acre Expansion of Richmond National Battlefield Park to Enhance Tourism and Create New Jobs for Virginia
RICHMOND, Va.— Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar today announced $4 million in Land and Water Conservation Funds to acquire and preserve an additional 385 acres at Richmond National Battlefield Park. The announcement coincides with the National Park Service's 150th anniversary commemoration of the Civil War and comes as part of the Obama administration's effort to significantly boost tourism and travel in the United States.
“Tourism is one of the top economic drivers in Virginia and in communities throughout the country,” said Secretary Salazar. “These acquisitions, funded by fees from offshore oil and gas development, will enable us to preserve two key battlefields of the Civil War and help draw more visitors and jobs to the area. This is a win-win situation for everyone.”
Today's announcement reflects the overall efforts of the administration to put Americans back to work and strengthen the U.S. economy by promoting the United States as a tourism destination.
In January, President Obama launched the creation of a Travel & Competitiveness Task Force to promote domestic and international travel opportunities throughout the United States, thereby expanding job creation. A particular focus of the Task Force will be on strategies for increasing tourism and recreation jobs by promoting visits to our national treasures – including our national parks, wildlife refuges, cultural and historic sites, monuments and other public lands that attract travelers from around the country and the globe.
Joined by Governor Bob McDonnell and National Park Service Director Jon Jarvis, Secretary Salazar made the announcement following a town hall meeting that attracted more than 100 Richmond area tourism and business leaders. During the meeting, participants shared ideas, success stories and challenges, and best practices in promoting battlefield and heritage tourism – including that related to the Civil War – in the Richmond area.
“The history of Virginia is the history of our country, and we want all Americans, and visitors from across the world, to come to the Commonwealth to learn about this incredible history,” Governor McDonnell said. “Richmond is home to some of the most historic events in our country's narrative, and this partnership in preserving more of our battlefields will ensure that future generations are able to learn about our past and inform the future of this great country. Tourism also supports jobs across the Commonwealth. In 2010, tourism in Virginia generated $18.9 billion in revenue, provided $1.3 billion in state and local taxes and supported more than 204,000 jobs. In these difficult economic times, these investments in our history will also pay dividends to our future by putting more people back to work.”
Today's land preservation announcement builds on work undertaken by the Civil War Trust over the last decade to preserve Richmond's Civil War battlefields. The land to be preserved with the new funds lies primarily on the Glendale and Malvern Hill battlefields, both of which figured prominently in the summer 1862 campaign by Union Gen. George B. McClellan to take the Confederate capital.
“The events that unfolded on this landscape are as important as those that took place in Gettysburg and Manassas,” said National Park Service Director Jon Jarvis. “What happened here changed how this war would be fought, and what it would be fought over. Until now, this has been little understood because there were few places preserved to tell that story and they were disconnected from one another. That changes today.”
The $4 million will acquire at least 385 acres, much of which lies on the Glendale battlefield. Until now, Glendale has been inaccessible to visitors. With these preservation funds, the battlefield will be almost entirely preserved and the area will be made accessible to visitors for the first time.
Nearly 23 million people visit Virginia's 22 National Park Sites, with out-of-town visitors contributing $493 million to local economies and supporting 7,000 private sector jobs. At Richmond National Battlefield Park, for example, out-of-town visitors contributed more than $8 million to the local economy in 2010, supporting more than 130 jobs in the community.
Public lands managed by Interior draw more than 400 million visits a year nationwide. According to some recent non-governmental estimates, outdoor recreation, conservation and heritage initiatives support as many as 8.4 million jobs and provide as much as $1 trillion in annual economic benefits. Additionally, one in twenty U.S. jobs are in the recreation economy – more than there are doctors, lawyers, or teachers.
Following the announcement, Salazar also attended a ribbon-cutting to unveil new exhibits at the Glendale Visitor Center. The center is located inside the historic lodge of the Glendale National Cemetery, which includes the final resting place for more than 1,200 Union soldiers, most of whom fought in the battles of Glendale and Malvern Hill. The first floor of the lodge was retrofitted to contain interpretive exhibits that highlight the stories of the Glendale and Malvern Hill battles.