Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Seasoned backpacker and adventurer Yang Lu earned the grand prize in the 2015 Share the Experience photo contest with this image of a sunburst captured at sunrise in Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah. Yang has made the outdoors part of his daily life and finds deep connection to the land through his lens.
“My photography is not just for recreation, it is to inspire people to explore these areas." -- Yang Lu
Photo by Yang Lu (www.sharetheexperience.org).
AMERICA'S GREAT OUTDOORS: Secretary Salazar Announces Significant Addition of Historic Ranch to Wind Cave National Park
Office of the Secretary
New Tract Features Unique Wildlife Habitat, Native American Cultural Sites; Public Dedication Ceremony Set for October 15
HOT SPRINGS, SD -- Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar today announced that the National Park Service has acquired 5,555 acres of former ranchland, including a thousand-year-old buffalo jump and a historic homestead, that will become part of South Dakota's Wind Cave National Park.
“The addition of this historic ranch to the park will help ensure that people for generations to come can come to know and love this treasured landscape and have the opportunity to learn about the indigenous peoples of South Dakota,” said Secretary Salazar. “The park is an important economic engine for the state, and the new site will no doubt drive more tourism to the area and be a boon to the surrounding communities. I thank The Conservation Fund for their work over the years to turn this vision into a reality.”
President Theodore Roosevelt set aside Wind Cave as the country's eighth national park in 1903. Considered a sacred place by the Lakota, Wind Cave is one of the world's longest and most complex caves, known for its outstanding display of boxwork, an unusual cave formation composed of thin calcite fins resembling honeycombs. It was the first cave ever designated as a national park.
On the surface, the park now features more than 30,000 acres of mixed-grass prairie and ponderosa pine forest that provides important habitat for bison, elk, pronghorn, mule deer, coyotes, and prairie dogs. It is home to one of America's most ecologically-significant bison herds, which dates back to bison relocated to the park from the Bronx Zoo and Yellowstone in the early 20th century.
Native Americans hunted buffalo on the newly acquired land over a thousand years ago, driving them over buffalo jumps, or cliffs. The tract also features Native American tipi rings and other cultural sites.
The Conservation Fund, a nonprofit dedicated to protecting important places across America, acquired the property at auction from the Casey family last year and transferred it to the Park Service. This completes a process begun in 2000 when the family approached the service about selling the land to the park.
“We would like to thank The Conservation Fund for the critical role they played in acquiring this property,” National Park Service Director Jonathan B. Jarvis said. “Because of their help, we look forward to providing educational programs about the buffalo jump and historic ranch to area school children and all our visitors.”
In 2005, with support from the South Dakota Congressional delegation, Congress passed legislation to expand the park pending an appropriation to purchase the land. When the land was put up for auction by the Casey family, The Conservation Fund purchased the property to hold for the NPS until federal funding became available.
Congress appropriated the necessary funding this year from the federal Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF), which enables federal and state agencies to acquire lands that feature important historic, natural, scenic and economic benefits for public use and enjoyment. The fund receives significant revenue from the development of federally-owned offshore oil and gas rights.
"Over 100 years ago President Theodore Roosevelt had the foresight to protect Wind Cave," said Larry Selzer, President and CEO of The Conservation Fund. "Thanks to the outstanding bi-partisan leadership of the South Dakota Congressional delegation and the dedication of the National Park Service, we celebrate this achievement to preserve our nation's treasured lands for generations."
Park staff will now start the public planning process to allow visitors to experience this new land. This year-long process, a Visitor Access Plan/Environmental Assessment, is expected to begin this fall and will determine, among other things, where and if hiking trails will be constructed. Broader planning over the next year will address how to comprehensively integrate this land into the rest of the park and address whether or not any new visitor service facilities are needed and whether or not existing wildlife management plans are adequate.
“We are initiating a thorough process to develop a management plan for the land that will involve many opportunities for the public to participate,” said park superintendent Vidal Davila. “In the meantime, we are looking at ways to get people out on the land so they can help with the planning process.”
A public dedication for the new land will be held October 15. Additional information concerning the dedication will be released as plans become finalized.
The nation's 395 national parks welcomed more than 281 million visitors last year who spent nearly $12 billion and supported 247,000 jobs, Salazar noted. In 2010, the 104,000 visitors who toured Wind Cave spent an estimated $8.7 million and supported 148 jobs.