Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
AMERICA'S GREAT OUTDOORS: Salazar Attends Inaugural Meeting of St. Augustine Commission
ST. AUGUSTINE, FL. -- Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar today joined U.S. Senator Bill Nelson and U.S. Representative John Mica to kick off the inaugural meeting of the St. Augustine 450th Commemoration Commission. The commission is charged with planning and developing a suitable celebration in 2015 to honor the 450th anniversary of the founding of the oldest continuously occupied European-established city in the continental United States.
“The story of St. Augustine is an integral part of the story of America, and the 450th anniversary of the city's founding is an opportunity to commemorate the diversity of our past and the long journey to become the nation we are today,” Salazar said. “The Department of the Interior will work closely with the commission to ensure an appropriate commemoration that celebrates the city and honors its history.”
“It's been said that history is a guide to our navigation in the future,” said Senator Nelson. “If that's so, then St. Augustine should be our compass. It is a city steeped in history. And this commission is made of up people who, like the city itself, have deep historical roots in our state. I know they'll plan a celebration fitting for a city that has contributed so much to Florida's and the nation's heritage.”
Congress established the commission as part of the Omnibus Appropriations Act of 2009 and Secretary Salazar announced the members of the Commission in April of 2011. The commission will ensure a suitable national observance of St. Augustine's 450th anniversary by complementing the programs and activities of the State of Florida and the City of St. Augustine.
Spanish explorer Pedro Menéndez de Avilés founded St. Augustine in 1565 under a grant from King Phillip II of Spain. St. Augustine was often a site of conflict as European nations competed with each other for control of the New World, and, at various times, the flags of Spain, England and the United States have flown over the city. Union forces occupied the city in 1862.
In the 1960's, St. Augustine was on the front lines of the Civil Rights Movement, as Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., led efforts to end segregation and secure equal rights for African Americans.
St. Augustine is home to two National Park Service sites, the Castillo de San Marcos and Fort Matanzas National Monuments. The Castillo de San Marcos, a castle built by the Spanish in 1672 to protect their interests in La Florida, is located in downtown St. Augustine, Florida.
As charged by Congress, the St. Augustine's Commission's duties are to:
plan, develop, and carry out programs and activities appropriate for the commemoration
facilitate activities relating to the commemoration throughout the United States;
encourage civic, patriotic, historical, educational, artistic, religious, economic, and other organizations throughout the United States to organize and participate in anniversary activities to expand understanding and appreciation of the significance of the founding and continuing history of St. Augustine;
provide technical assistance to States, localities, and nonprofit organizations to further the commemoration;
coordinate and facilitate for the public scholarly research on, publication about, and interpretation of, St. Augustine;
ensure that the commemoration provides a lasting legacy and long-term public benefit by assisting in the development of appropriate programs; and help ensure that the observances of the foundation of St. Augustine are inclusive and
appropriately recognize the experiences and heritage of all individuals present when St. Augustine was founded.