A rugged, whitewater river flowing northward through deep canyons, the New River is among the oldest rivers on the continent. New River Gorge National River in West Virginia encompasses over 70,000 acres of land along the New River, is rich in cultural and natural history, and offers an abundance of scenic and recreational opportunities.
Big Southern Butte is one of two domes rising from a sea of basalt near the center of the eastern Snake River Plain in Idaho. The butte is one of the largest volcanic domes in the world, but at 300,000 years old it is also one of the youngest. Hikers who trek to the 7,550-foot high summit are rewarded with spectacular panoramic views. Photo by Devin Englestead, BLM Upper Snake Wildlife Biologist.
First light at Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge in New Mexico. Established in November 22, 1939, the refuge has provided a critical stopover and wintering spot for thousands of sandhill cranes, geese and other waterfowl for 75 years. Bosque del Apache's sandhill crane population has multiplied from 18 birds in the 1840s to more than 20,000 birds today. Photo by Kim Hang Dessoliers (www.sharetheexperience.org).
AMERICA'S GREAT OUTDOORS: Salazar Attends Inaugural Meeting of St. Augustine Commission
ST. AUGUSTINE, FL. -- Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar today joined U.S. Senator Bill Nelson and U.S. Representative John Mica to kick off the inaugural meeting of the St. Augustine 450th Commemoration Commission. The commission is charged with planning and developing a suitable celebration in 2015 to honor the 450th anniversary of the founding of the oldest continuously occupied European-established city in the continental United States.
“The story of St. Augustine is an integral part of the story of America, and the 450th anniversary of the city's founding is an opportunity to commemorate the diversity of our past and the long journey to become the nation we are today,” Salazar said. “The Department of the Interior will work closely with the commission to ensure an appropriate commemoration that celebrates the city and honors its history.”
“It's been said that history is a guide to our navigation in the future,” said Senator Nelson. “If that's so, then St. Augustine should be our compass. It is a city steeped in history. And this commission is made of up people who, like the city itself, have deep historical roots in our state. I know they'll plan a celebration fitting for a city that has contributed so much to Florida's and the nation's heritage.”
Congress established the commission as part of the Omnibus Appropriations Act of 2009 and Secretary Salazar announced the members of the Commission in April of 2011. The commission will ensure a suitable national observance of St. Augustine's 450th anniversary by complementing the programs and activities of the State of Florida and the City of St. Augustine.
Spanish explorer Pedro Menéndez de Avilés founded St. Augustine in 1565 under a grant from King Phillip II of Spain. St. Augustine was often a site of conflict as European nations competed with each other for control of the New World, and, at various times, the flags of Spain, England and the United States have flown over the city. Union forces occupied the city in 1862.
In the 1960's, St. Augustine was on the front lines of the Civil Rights Movement, as Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., led efforts to end segregation and secure equal rights for African Americans.
St. Augustine is home to two National Park Service sites, the Castillo de San Marcos and Fort Matanzas National Monuments. The Castillo de San Marcos, a castle built by the Spanish in 1672 to protect their interests in La Florida, is located in downtown St. Augustine, Florida.
As charged by Congress, the St. Augustine's Commission's duties are to:
plan, develop, and carry out programs and activities appropriate for the commemoration
facilitate activities relating to the commemoration throughout the United States;
encourage civic, patriotic, historical, educational, artistic, religious, economic, and other organizations throughout the United States to organize and participate in anniversary activities to expand understanding and appreciation of the significance of the founding and continuing history of St. Augustine;
provide technical assistance to States, localities, and nonprofit organizations to further the commemoration;
coordinate and facilitate for the public scholarly research on, publication about, and interpretation of, St. Augustine;
ensure that the commemoration provides a lasting legacy and long-term public benefit by assisting in the development of appropriate programs; and help ensure that the observances of the foundation of St. Augustine are inclusive and
appropriately recognize the experiences and heritage of all individuals present when St. Augustine was founded.